Table 4

MANCOVA of neighbourhood environment variables by deprivation group, adjusted for age

VariableHD mean (95% CI) (N=82)MD mean (95% CI) (N=87)p Valued
Land-use mix-diversity2.99 (2.84 to 3.14)2.99 (2.85 to 3.14)0.960.0
Recreation facilities2.35 (2.23 to 2.47)2.37 (2.26 to 2.49)0.760.1
Residential density82.04 (76.97 to 87.10)96.45 (91.53 to 101.37)<0.0010.6
Land-use mix-access3.17 (3.08 to 3.25)3.24 (3.16 to 3.33)0.220.2
Street connectivity2.91 (2.77 to 3.04)2.93 (2.80 to 3.05)0.870.0
Walking/cycling facilities2.94 (2.83 to 3.06)3.03 (2.92 to 3.14)0.310.2
Neighbourhood aesthetics2.04 (1.89 to 2.19)2.92 (2.77 to 3.06)<0.0011.3
Pedestrian and road traffic safety2.66 (2.56 to 2.75)2.44 (2.35 to 2.53)0.0010.5
Crime safety3.01 (2.87 to 3.14)2.59 (2.46 to 2.72)<0.0010.7
NEWS-Y score−0.10 (−0.79 to 0.59)0.61 (−0.51 to 0.83)0.590.1
  • d, effect size; HD, high deprivation; MD, medium deprivation; NEWS-Y, Neighbourhood Environment Walkability Scale for Youth.