Table 1

VI and RT-PCR findings in other body fluids in recovered patients8 9 12 13 17

EBOVFaeces or rectal swabsThroat swabs or salivaSweatUrine
Patient 1, London, 1976EBOV−VI days 14–27−VI days 14–27NA−VI days 14–27
29 Recovered patients, Kikwit, DRC, 1995EBOV−VI days 11–57−VI days 11–57NA−VI days 11–57
8 Recovered patients, Kikwit, DRC, 1995EBOV−RT-PCR days 11–33 (total 18 specimens) + RT-PCR days 22 and 29 (total 2 specimens, same woman−RT-PCR days 25 and 33)−RT-PCR days 11–33 (total 20 specimens)NA−RT-PCR days 11–33 (total 19 specimen)
4 Patients, Gulu, Uganda, 2000SUDVNA−RT-PCR days 12–23NA−RT-PCR days 12–23
Patient 1, Sierra Leone, 2014EBOV−VI after day 17 (negative blood test day 17)−VI after day 17 (negative blood test day 17)−VI
+ RT-PCR until day 40
+ VI repeatedly until day 26
+ RT-PCR until day 30
  • NB days post-onset of symptoms.

  • EBOV, Ebola virus – Zaire; NA, not applicable; RT-PCR, reverse transcriptase PCR; SUDV, Ebola virus – Sudan; VI, virus isolation.