Table 2

Characteristics of 51 classifiable articles citing Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology (STROBE)

ClassificationReason for citationObservational researchSystematic review, meta-analysis
AppropriateGuideline for reporting of study260
InappropriateGuideline for design and conduct of study30
Tool to assess methodological quality010
NeutralTool to assess reporting quality05
Example to stress the importance of reporting guidelines01
Other*21
Unclear12
Total3219
  • * This category includes observational studies which cited STROBE as a guideline without making it clear whether the guidance related to reporting or methodology, or articles which mentioned STROBE in a commentary.