Table 2


OutcomeAn outcome is any identified result in a domain arising from exposure to a causal factor or a health intervention31
DomainA concept to be measured, a further specification of an aspect of health (such as health related quality of life, illness impact, pain intensity)31
Core domain setFor studies of health interventions, the minimum set of domains and subdomains necessary to adequately cover all relevant concepts of a specific health condition within a specified setting. Describes what to measure31
Core outcome measurement setThe minimum set of outcome measurement instruments that must be administered in each intervention study of a certain health condition within a specified setting to adequately cover a corresponding core domain set. Describes how to measure31
Consensus (methods)Consensus methods derive quantitative estimates through qualitative approaches and aim to determine the extent to which experts or lay people agree about a given issue. They consist of following features: anonymity, iteration, controlled feedback, statistical group response25
MPTMPT is defined as a simultaneous, contextual, temporal and coordinated comprehensive strategy to treat chronic pain patients integrating different somatic and physical, as well as psychological, treatment approaches provided by all relevant professions (physician, psychotherapist, physiotherapist, nurses, co therapist) with identical and consensual therapeutic aims3
FR consists of an ‘sports medicine’ approach to restore physical capacity and a cognitive ‘crisis intervention’ technique for dealing with psychosocial issues in the patient suffering from chronic (spinal) disability. FR teams consist of physical, occupational, and psychological therapists, nurses, and physicians2
  • FR, functional restoration; MPT, multimodal pain therapy.