TableĀ 3

Identification of themes from inductive coding

Overarching themeThemesSalient codes
Inability to make sense of painDamage beliefs underlying fearDamage beliefs
Suffering/functional loss beliefs underlying fearSuffering/functional loss beliefs
LBP threatPain predictability
Pain controllability
Pain intensity
Negative past experience of painNegative past experience of pain
Societal back beliefsSocietal beliefs
Family beliefs
Process of seeking diagnostic certaintyDiagnostic uncertainty
Negative information HCP
Conflicting information
Repeated experience of failure to control painFailed treatment
Repeated goal failures
Persistence behaviour
  • HCP, healthcare professional; LBP, low back pain.