Table 2

Lifetime prevalence of mental disorders among US Black women by race/ethnicity, 2001–2003 NSAL

Overall sampleBy ethnicity
Mental DisordersUS Black women % (SE)African-American women % (SE)Caribbean Black women % (SE)p Value
Mood disorders
 Any16.7 (0.87)16.7 (0.90)16.8 (2.73)0.9726
 Major depressive episode14.6 (0.76)14.6 (0.79)15.2 (2.47)0.8109
 Dysthymia4.1 (0.45)4.3 (0.48)2.5 (0.69)0.0753
 Major depressive disorderNANANANA
 Bipolar3.7 (0.52)3.8 (0.54)2.7 (1.22)0.4649
Anxiety
 Any23.7 (0.85)24.1 (1.09)17.5 (1.71)0.0046**
 Panic disorder4.2 (0.41)4.3 (0.44)3.1 (0.87)0.2762
 Agoraphobia3.0 (0.41)3.0 (0.42)3.0 (1.76)0.9747
 Generalised anxiety disorder5.5 (0.55)5.6 (0.59)4.5 (0.74)0.2806
 Obsessive compulsive disorder1.6 (0.31)1.6 (0.33)1.1 (0.42)0.3333
 Post-traumatic stress disorder12.0 (0.74)12.3 (0.78)8.5 (1.18)0.0195*
Substance disorder
 Any6.1 (0.62)6.3 (0.66)2.8 (0.61)0.0010**
 Alcohol abuse5.0 (0.61)5.2 (0.65)2.4 (0.64)0.0091**
 Alcohol dependence2.3 (0.40)2.4 (0.42)1.1 (0.58)0.1433
 Drug abuse3.2 (0.44)3.3 (0.47)2.1 (0.60)0.1880
 Drug dependence1.3 (0.30)1.3 (0.32)1.1 (0.29)0.7159
Eating disorder
 Any5.9 (0.41)5.8 (0.42)7.7 (2.04)0.3102
 Anorexia0.09 (0.06)NANANA
 Bulimia1.9 (0.30)1.8 (0.30)3.4 (1.8)0.2680
 Binge eating5.8 (0.41)5.7 (0.42)7.7 (2.04)0.2824
Suicide
 Attempts4.9 (0.53)5.0 (0.56)2.7 (0.71)0.0311*
 Ideation12.7 (0.75)12.8 (0.79)10.9 (1.9)0.3880
Any disorder39.9 (0.99)40.3 (1.04)33.5 (2.67)0.0250*
  • *p<0.05; ** p<0.01; ***p<0.001.

  • NA, not applicable; NSAL, National Survey of American Life.