Table 2

Characteristics of studies not linked to interventions

Study IDAimsMethodsData analysisSample sizeCountry where study was undertaken
De Souza and Ciclitira35Explore issues regarding men's health, with a specific focus on men's experiences of dietingSemistructured interviewsGrounded theoryn=8 menEngland
Gillon38Understand implications of how men talk about weight for those working in counselling fieldIn-depth interviewsDiscourse analysisn=8 menScotland
Gough and Conner7Analysis of men's accounts of food and health using concepts pertaining to masculinitySemistructured interviewsThematic analysisn=24 menEngland
Gough and Flanders36Examine how members of gay ‘bear’ community normalise ‘excess’ weight against the backdrop of obesity ‘crisis’Semistructured interviewsGrounded theory and thematic analysisn=10 menEngland
McCullagh39Understand lifestyles of long distance lorry drivers to inform appropriate health education strategies to encourage health awareness, access services and attain a healthier lifestyleOpen-ended commentary provided on a voluntary basis following the completion of a surveyUnclearn=168 menEngland
Monaghan40Contribute sociologically to burgeoning critical obesity studies that critique social construction of overweight/obesity as a public health crisis by questioning economics, science, morality and ideology of current obesity epidemic claimsIn-depth interviewsThematic analysisn=37 menEngland
Monaghan41Critical realist contribution to obesity debate on men's justificatory accounts for levels of body mass that medicine labels too heavy (implicitly or explicitly too fat)In-depth interviewsThematic analysisn=37 menEngland
Monaghan42Explore men's talk about physical activity, weight, health and slimmingIn-depth interviewsThematic analysisn=37 menEngland
Weaver et al37Explore understandings that men in general population hold about weight, exercise and health to inform process of health promotion and diabetes prevention in menSemistructured interviewsThematic analysisn=17 menEngland