Table 1

Characteristics of included studies linked to interventions

Study ID and name of interventionIntervention nameIntervention detailsLinked to RCT or non-randomised intervention?AimsSetting (country where study was undertaken)Group or individually delivered?Sample sizeData collectionData analysis
Abildso et al32Insurance-sponsored weight management programmeTwelve-week insurance-sponsored cognitive behavioural weight management programmeNon-randomised interventionTo qualitatively explore factors associated with programme adherence and weight lossHealth service (USA)Groupn=3 men, n=8 womenTelephone interviewGrounded theory
Gallagher et al30HEELPA multicomponent group-based weight loss intervention designed to follow cardiovascular disease and diabetes disease management programmesRCTTo understand perceptions and experiences of managing weight loss in people with multiple CVD risk factors/existing CVD undertaking a WLP in AustraliaHealth service (Australia)Groupn=25 men, n=10 womenFocus groupThematic analysis
Gray et al25Camelon modelGroup-based weight management programme for obese men in a deprived area of Scotland led by community nurses and dieticianNon-randomised interventionExtent to which Camelon model reached target population; characteristics of participants; weight loss outcomes; and participants’ views of the programmeHealth service (Scotland)Groupn=24 menFocus groupThematic analysis
Harrison28HoMSix-week WLP, sessions run in work place by HoM community nurses with guest sessions from dietician and activity specialistNon-randomised interventionCase study of one participant attending HoM programmeWorkplace (England)Groupn=1 manIn-depth interviewThematic analysis
Hunt et al9FFITA pedometer-based walking programme, part of a weight management intervention delivered through Scottish Premier League football clubsRCTTo explore men's views of weight management intervention delivered through football clubs, and congruence or challenge this poses to masculine identitiesScottish Premier League football clubs (Scotland)Groupn=27 menTelephone interviewThematic analysis
Leishman29The Camelon modelA group-based weight management programme specifically for obese men in deprived area of Scotland led by community nurses and dieticianNon-randomised interventionTo explain how Camelon model functionsHealth service (Scotland)GroupUnclearUnclearUnclear
Mallyon et al31VLCHF vs HCLF dietClinical trial that compared a LCHF and HCLF WLPRCTExploration of men's experience of dieting within social context, paying attention to how differences in reflexively gendered habitus affect dietingHealth service (Australia)Individualn=8 menSemistructured interviewGrounded theory
Morgan et al27SHED-ITAn internet-based WLP exclusively for menRCTPerceptions and experiences of men in SHED-IT RCT. (1) what attracted them to programme, (2) satisfaction with programme/its components (3) suggestions for improvements to SHED-ITHealth service (Australia)Individualn=18 menSemistructured interviewThematic analysis
Morgan et al24SHED-ITAn internet-based WLP exclusively for menRCTProcess evaluation with internet group participants using quantitative (website use/questionnaire) and qualitative (interviews) dataHealth service (Australia)Individualn=12 menMixed-methods: open-ended questions on questionnaire and semistructured interviewsThematic analysis
Kim et al33The WORDA faith-based weight loss intervention using a community-based participatory research approachNon-randomised interventionDescribe process behind conception of a weight management intervention, its implementation, and impact on participantsChurch-based (USA)GroupUnclearFocus groupGrounded theory
Ogden and Sidhu34OrlistatOrlistat drug that acts on gastrointestinal system by reducing fat absorptionNon-randomised interventionExamine patients’ experiences of taking orlistat to explore adherence and behaviour changeHealth service (England)Individualn=4 men, n=8 womenSemistructured interviewIPA
Witty and White26Tackling men’s healthA multicomponent targeted intervention on men's self-reported engagement with health servicesNon-randomised interventionAssess engagement in weight management intervention targeting men attending rugby matchesEnglish Rugby League club (England)Groupn=20 menSemistructured interviewThematic analysis
White et al12Health of men (HoM)A 6-week WLP sessions run in work place by HoM community nurses, with guest sessions from dietician and activity specialistNon-randomised interventionTo explore why men would want to take part in HoM initiativesWorkplace (England)Groupn=10 menSemistructured interviewThematic analysis
  • CVD, cardiovascular disease; FFIT, Football fans in Training; HCLF, high calorie low fat; HEELP, Healthy Eating and Exercise Lifestyle Program; HoM, Health of Men; IPA, interpretative phenomenological analysis; LCHF, low carbohydrate/high fat; RCT, randomised controlled trial; VLCHF, very low calorie high fat; WLP, weight loss programme.