Table 4

Means (95% CI) of SAQ (converted to percentages) for five dimensions 1 month before (pre-SAQ) and 1 month after (post-SAQ) the simulation training day with ISS and OSS

Descriptive statistics
 Simulation interventionPre-SAQ mean (1 month before)Post-SAQ mean* (1 month after)Mean difference*†
SAQ teamwork climateISS80.5 (76.7 to 84.3)81.1 (76.7 to 85.5)−1.4 (−5.8 to 3.1) p=0.54
OSS78.4 (74.1 to 82.2)81.2 (77.5 to 85.0)
SAQ safety climateISS66.7 (61.8 to 71.6)70.6 (65.9 to 75.2)1.6 (−2.0 to 5.1) p=0.39
OSS69.2 (65.4 to 73.0)70.8 (66.8 to 74.8)
SAQ job satisfactionISS86.4 (82.9 to 89.8)87.5 (83.3 to 91.7)0.6 (−2.9 to 4.1) p=0.74
OSS85.6 (81.6 to 89.6)85.7 (81.9 to 89.5)
SAQ stress recognitionISS69.7 (63.5 to 76.0)68.8 (62.4 to 75.1)−2.6 (−9.2 to 4.0) p=0.44
OSS67.3 (61.2 to 73.3)69.2 (64.0 to 74.4)
SAQ work conditionISS66.4 (60.8 to 72.1)64.9 (59.0 to 70.8)−0.3 (−5.7 to 5.1) p=0.91
OSS65.9 (59.9 to 71.8)64.0 (58.1 to 69.8)
  • *Based on generalised estimating equations to account for potential correlation within teams.

  • †Adjusted for pre SAQ (ANCOVA).

  • ANCOVA, analysis of covariance;ISS, in situ simulation; OSS, off-site simulation; SAQ, Safety Attitudes Questionnaire (range: 0–100%).