Table 3

Crude and adjusted HRs of Cox proportional hazard regressions and 95% CIs for the development of idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss for study cohorts

CohortCrude HR (95% CI)Adjusted HR (95% CI)
GSD
 Yes1.42 (1.18 to 1.73)*1.44 (1.19 to 1.74)*
 No1.001.00
Age (years)
 0–351.001.00
 35–492.57 (1.67 to 3.98)*2.45 (1.59 to 3.79)*
 50–644.24 (2.79 to 6.45)*3.95 (2.56 to 6.10)*
 ≥653.57 (2.33 to 5.48)*3.09 (1.94 to 4.93)*
Gender
 Female0.83 (0.68 to 1.00)*0.84 (0.70 to 1.02)
 Male1.001.00
DM
 Yes2.20 (1.72 to 2.80)*1.72 (1.32 to 2.24)*
 No1.001.00
HTN
 Yes1.76 (1.44 to 2.16)*1.25 (0.98 to 1.58)
 No1.001.00
Hch
 Yes1.57 (1.13 to 2.19)*0.99 (0.70 to 1.40)
 No1.001.00
  • Data are adjusted for age, gender, DM, HTN, Hch, geographic region and monthly income.

  • *p<0.05.

  • DM, diabetes mellitus; GSD, gallstone disease; Hch, hypercholesterolaemia; HTN, hypertension.