Table 3

Odds of being overweight or obese versus ‘normal’ weight and neighbourhood deprivation—multilevel logistic regression

OR (95% CI)
Model 1Model 2Model 3
Fixed part
 Age (years)1.140 (1.128 to 1.151)1.140 (1.129 to 1.152)1.139 (1.126 to 1.152)
 Age20.999 (0.999 to 0.999)0.999 (0.999 to 0.999)0.999 (0.999 to 0.999)
 Gender (ref: male)
  Female0.541 (0.503 to 0.581)
 Neighbourhood disadvantage (ref: quintile 1)
  Quintile 21.363 (1.198 to 1.551)
  Quintile 31.620 (1.424 to 1.844)
  Quintile 41.752 (1.541 to 1.992)
  Quintile 51.826 (1.605 to 2.078)
 Gender×neighbourhood disadvantage
 (ref: male×quintile 1)
  Male×quintile 21.264 (1.058 to 1.509)1.192 (0.998 to 1.423)
  Male×quintile 31.435 (1.198 to 1.718)1.326 (1.106 to 1.589)
  Male×quintile 41.524 (1.274 to 1.824)1.401 (1.168 to 1.680)
  Male×quintile 51.296 (1.087 to 1.546)1.202 (1.003 to 1.440)
  Female×quintile 10.417 (0.356 to 0.489)0.420 (0.358 to 0.492)
  Female×quintile 20.613 (0.517 to 0.727)0.591 (0.498 to 0.701)
  Female×quintile 30.758 (0.640 to 0.898)0.721 (0.608 to 0.855)
  Female×quintile 40.832 (0.703 to 0.984)0.779 (0.656 to 0.925)
  Female×quintile 51.034 (0.871 to 1.227)0.967 (0.811 to 1.152)
 Couple status (ref: yes)
  No0.849 (0.777 to 0.929)
  Missing1.612 (0.508 to 5.117)
 Highest educational qualification (ref: ≤year 11)
  Year 12 to adv. Diploma0.968 (0.883 to 1.062)
  University0.697 (0.624 to 0.779)
  Missing0.170 (0.029 to 1.007)
 Percentage of previous year spent unemployed (ref: 0%)
  1–241.135 (0.929 to 1.388)
  25–491.057 (0.820 to 1.362)
  50–740.985 (0.713 to 1.361)
  75–1000.874 (0.676 to 1.131)
 Disposable household income (ref: quintile 1)
  Quintile 20.991 (0.873 to 1.123)
  Quintile 31.018 (0.890 to 1.164)
  Quintile 41.048 (0.912 to 1.204)
  Quintile 51.005 (0.872 to 1.159)
Random part
 Level 3 (census collection district)
  Variance (SE)0.118 (0.034)0.118 (0.034)0.098 (0.033)
  Variance partition coefficient*1.0%
  Median OR (95% CI)1.26 (1.19 to 1.33)1.26 (1.19 to 1.33)1.23 (1.17 to 1.29)
 Level 2 (Household)
  Variance (SE)0.405 (0.054)0.417 (0.055)0.406 (0.054)
  Variance partition coefficient*3.6%
  Median OR (95% CI)1.54 (1.43 to 1.65)1.55 (1.44 to 1.66)1.54 (1.43 to 1.65)
  • Body mass index measured in kg/m2.

  • *Variance partition coefficient presented for model 1 only.