Table 4

Decomposition of the socioeconomic status (SES) inequality in functional somatic symptoms (FSS) and the contribution of concurrent determinants at ages 16, 21, 30 and 42 years in men

AgesAge 16 (n=477)Age 21 (n=478)Age 30 (n=420)Age 42 (n=480)
Mean FSS (low SES)3.202.693.964.50
Mean FSS (high SES)2.902.063.013.34
SES difference in FSS0.31 (−0.16 to 0.77)0.63 (0.19 to 1.07)0.95 (0.40 to 1.51)**1.16 (0.59 to 1.73)**
AbsoluteRelative (%)AbsoluteRelative (%)AbsoluteRelative (%)AbsoluteRelative (%)
Explained
 Separation (parental/own)−0.02 (−0.09 to 0.06)−9.52−0.01 (−0.04 to 0.22)−2.44
 Residential instability0.06 (−0.02 to 0.13)200
 Unemployment (parental/own)0.10 (−0.01 to 0.20)47.620.20 (0.03 to 0.37)*48.78
 Illness (parental/close one)0.13 (0.02 to 0.25)*61.90−0.05 (−0.12 to 0.02)−166.670.02 (−0.04 to 0.09)4.87
 Death of close one0.00 (−0.01 to 0.02)0
 Low cash margin0.04 (−0.02 to 0.10)133.330.05 (−0.10 to 0.20)35.710.01 (−0.07 to 0.10)2.44
 Low income−0.08 (−0.26 to 0.10)−266.66
 Social isolation−0.04 (−0.12 to 0.03)−28.570.00 (−0.04 to 0.04)0
 Violence/threat0.04 (−0.06 to 0.14)28.570.07 (−0.04 to 0.18)17.07
 Low decision latitude−0.04 (−0.28 to 0.21)−9.76
 Financial strain0.09 (−0.01 to 0.20)64.290.11 (−0.00 to 0.23)*26.83
 Spouse unemployment0.03 (−0.07 to 0.12)7.32
Total0.21 (0.05 to 0.38)*67.74−0.03 (−0.26 to 0.20)−266.670.14 (−0.07 to 0.34)14.730.41 (0.04 to 0.77)*35.34
Unexplained
 Constant0.34 (−0.22 to 0.91)377.780.76 (0.15 to 1.37)*115.150.67 (0.04 to 1.30)*81.710.43 (−0.33 to 1.20)57.33
Total0.09 (−0.39 to 0.57)20.030.66 (0.18 to 1.14)**104.760.82 (0.25 to 1.37)**86.320.75 (0.19 to 1.31)**0.64.65
  • Estimates are absolute contribution and relative contribution† to the SES difference in FSS.

  • **p<0.01, *p<0.05.

  • †Percentages are calculated with explained partition of the SES difference in the denominator for the relative contribution of each variable, and with the total (explained and unexplained) SES difference in the denominator for the total relative contribution.