Table 2

Summary of included studies

TotalSelf-rating of understandingAccuracy definitionBayesian reasoningPresentation format
Number of studies2426225
Study design
 Single group1726141
 Multiple groups, unclear allocation20021
 Medical students60261
 Mixed physicians1723152
 Single specialty80373
How was the diagnostic information presented?
 Vignette/case study60062
 Population scenario1301123
 Simulated patient30020
 2×2 table00200
 Research study extract10110
 No information/unclear32220
How was understanding assessed?
 Questionnaire (multiple choice)70370
 Questionnaire (open ended)1602155
Type of scenario
 Real life1602155
Measure of test accuracy assessed
 LR categories10010
 Graphical display20021
  • FPR, false positive rate; LR−, negative likelihood ratio; LR+, positive likelihood ratio; NPV, negative predictive value; PPV, positive predictive value; RCT, randomised controlled trial; ROC, receiver operating characteristic.