Table 1

Comparison of baseline characteristics, intention-to-treat population

Probiotics (N=668)Placebo (N=672)
Sex
 Male31947.8%32047.6%
 Female34952.2%35252.4%
Birthweight groups
 1500–1999 g7411.1%7511.2%
 2000–2499 g59488.9%59788.8%
Mean (SD) birth weight2261±1792263±179
Mother's schooling (years)
 ≤829243.7%28542.4%
 >837656.3%38757.6%
Religion
 Hindu48973.2%50174.6%
 Muslim466.9%416.1%
 Others13319.9%13019.3%
Standard of living index
 Low9814.7%8512.6%
 Medium34852.1%38256.8%
 High22233.2%20530.5%
Mode of delivery
 Vaginal63394.8%62993.6%
 LSCS+others355.2%436.4%
Morbidities during pregnancy
 Hypertension233.4%182.7%
 Anaemia558.2%639.4%
 PROM223.3%304.5%
 None56885.0%56183.5%
Mean SLI score22.2±7.922.3±7.7
  • LSCS, lower segment caesarian section; PROM, premature rupture of membrane; RR, rate ratio; SLI, standard of living index.