Table 4

Crude and adjusted sociodemographic, HIV/STIs-related knowledge, socialisation and smoking, and alcohol intake determinants associated with practising unsafe sex by residential status and among all subjects

Residential status
DomesticForeignerAll workers
OR (95% CI)aOR (95% CI)OR (95% CI)aOR (95% CI)OR (95% CI)aOR† (95% CI)
Sociodemographics
 Age, years
  ≥301.01.01.01.01.01.0
  25–293.8 (1.8 to 8.2)**1.9 (0.6 to 6.3)1.3 (0.8 to 1.9)0.9 (0.4 to 2.3)1.8 (1.2 to 2.6)**1.2 (0.7 to 1.9)
  18–245.3 (2.6 to 10.7)***4.9 (1.3 to 18.2)*1.2 (0.6 to 2.4)1.0 (0.6 to 1.8)2.2 (1.4 to 3.5)**1.5 (0.8 to 2.9)
 Monthly income (JDs)
  <2001.01.01.01.01.01.0
  200–3001.4 (0.8 to 2.7)1.5 (0.7 to 3.3)0.9 (0.6 to 1.5)1.0 (0.6 to 1.8)1.1 (0.7 to 1.5)1.0 (0.7 to 1.6)
  >3000.9 (0.4 to 2.0)1.4 (0.5 to 4.5)0.8 (0.3 to 1.8)0.8 (0.3 to 2.1)0.8 (0.4 to 1.3)1.0 (0.5 to 2.0)
 Education
  Senior secondary and college1.01.01.01.01.01.0
  Secondary0.9 (0.5 to 1.9)0.8 (0.3 to 1.9)1.5 (0.9 to 2.4)0.9 (0.5 to 1.8)1.4 (0.9 to 1.9)1.2 (0.8 to 1.8)
  Elementary and below0.6 (0.1 to 2.9)1.9 (0.3 to 11.5)1.1 (0.6 to 2.4)1.5 (0.9 to 2.5)1.0 (0.6 to 1.7)0.9 (0.5 to 1.7)
 Marital status
  Married, living with wife1.01.01.01.01.01.0
  Married, living away from wife§2.3 (0.2 to 23.3)2.5 (0.2 to 34.2)6.6 (2.7 to 16.1)***6.9 (2.7 to 17.1)***5.1 (2.9 to 9.0)***5.9 (3.1 to 11.0)***
  Unmarried6.3 (3.2 to 12.6)***4.8 (1.7 to 13.7)**7.0 (2.9 to 17.1)***7.5 (2.9 to 19.4)***6.2 (3.6 to 10.5)***5.8 (3.0 to 11.0)***
 Total years of work at QIZ
  1–≤41.01.01.01.01.01.0
  5–82.1 (1.1 to 4.0)*5.0 (1.9 to 13.0)**1.3 (0.8 to 1.9)1.3 (0.7 to 2.4)1.5 (1.0 to 2.1)*2.1 (1.3 to 3.4)**
  ≥90.8 (0.4 to 1.7)6.0 (1.7 to 20.8)**0.3 (0.1 to 1.2)0.4 (0.1 to 1.5)0.6 (0.3 to 1.0)1.6 (0.8 to 3.5)
HIV/STIs-related knowledge
 Heard of the term STIs
  Yes1.01.01.01.01.01.0
  No1.0 (0.5 to 1.9)1.0 (0.4 to 2.2)1.1 (0.7 to 1.6)0.9 (0.4 to 1.9)1.1 (0.8 to 1.5)0.9 (0.5 to 1.4)
 HIV/AIDS knowledge, score
  8–141.01.01.01.01.01.0
  0–72.1 (1.1 to 3.8)***1.8 (0.8 to 3.8)0.9 (0.5 to 1.6)0.8 (0.5 to 1.6)1.3 (0.9 to 1.9)1.3 (0.8 to 2.0)
 Condoms can protect against STIs/AIDS
  Yes1.01.01.01.01.01.0
  No/never heard of condoms1.8 (1.0 to 3.1)***1.6 (0.8 to 3.2)1.1 (0.6 to 1.8)1.3 (0.8 to 2.4)1.4 (0.9 to 2.1)1.3 (0.9 to 2.0)
 Workshops on STIs/AIDS
  ≥One1.01.01.01.01.01.0
  None0.8 (0.3 to 2.0)0.4 (0.1 to 1.2)0.9 (0.6 to 1.4)1.1 (0.6 to 1.8)0.8 (0.6 to 1.3)0.9 (0.6 to 1.5)
Socialisation
 Sharing meals with foreign workers§
  Never1.01.01.01.01.01.0
  Sometimes/frequently1.1 (0.6 to 2.2)0.6 (0.3 to 1.5)1.0 (0.5 to 1.9)1.1 (0.6 to 2.2)1.0 (0.7 to 1.6)0.9 (0.6 to 1.5)
 Shopping together with foreign workers¶
  Never1.01.01.01.01.01.0
  Sometimes/Frequently2.0 (1.1 to 3.7)***2.1 (1.0 to 4.3)*1.9 (1.1 to 3.6)***2.0 (1.1 to 4.0)***1.9 (1.2 to 2.8)**1.8 (1.1 to 2.9)***
 Sharing meals with domestic workers
  Never1.01.01.01.01.01.0
  Sometimes/frequently1.5 (0.6 to 4.1)1.2 (0.4 to 3.6)1.4 (0.8 to 2.4)1.4 (0.8 to 2.7)1.6 (0.9 to 3.0)1.5 (0.9 to 2.6)
 Shopping together with domestic workers
  Never1.01.01.01.01.01.0
  Sometimes/frequently2.6 (0.9 to 7.1)1.5 (0.5 to 4.6)1.1 (0.5 to 2.6)1.1 (0.5 to 2.7)1.0 (0.7 to 1.5)1.2 (0.6 to 2.4)
Smoking and alcohol intake
 Smoking
  Never smoke1.01.01.01.01.01.0
  Smoker/ex-smoker1.5 (0.8 to 2.8)1.2 (0.5 to 2.5)1.1 (0.8 to 1.7)1.3 (0.8 to 2.1)1.2 (0.9 to 1.7)1.3 (0.9 to 1.9)
 Alcohol intake
  Never drank1.01.01.01.01.01.0
  Drinker/ex- drinker3.8 (2.0 to 7.1)***3.4 (1.5 to 7.2)**0.9 (0.6 to 1.4)0.8 (0.5 to 1.4)0.9 (0.6 to 1.4)1.4 (0.9 to 2.2)
  • aOR, a logistic regression model assessed adjusted OR by including sociodemographics, STIs-related knowledge and smoking and alcohol intake variables simultaneously.

  • *p≤0.05; **p<0.01; ***p<0.001.

  • †Adjusted also for residential status.

  • ‡Non-Muslims include Christians, Hindus and Buddhists. Only 1 domestic worker fell in the non-Muslim category.

  • §Including widowed and divorced.

  • ¶Either with male or female workers, except those of the same nationality.

  • QIZ, Qualified Industrial Zone; STIs, sexually transmitted infections.