Table 2

Traditional Chinese medicine therapy recommended in Western medicine clinical practice guidelines

TCM therapyNo of CPGsDiseases involved (no of guidelines if >1)
Chinese herbal medicineSingle herb, treatment based on syndrome differentiation43Chronic hepatitis B (3), bronchial asthma (3), nasosinusitis (2), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (2), type 2 diabetes mellitus (2), allergic rhinitis, avascular necrosis of the femoral head, common kidney disease in children, childhood diarrhoea, hepatolenticular degeneration, osteoporotic fracture, heart failure, colorectal cancer, influenza, difficult asthma, pelvic inflammatory disease, spleen injury, spleen retained, prostatitis, eczema, baby allergic disease, primary hepatic carcinoma, haemorrhoids, obesity, psoriasis, severe acute pancreatitis, spinal cord injury, colorectal cancer, drug-induced liver injury, limb atherosclerosis, inflammatory bowel disease, vasomotor rhinitis, acute pancreatitis, chronic constipation, influenza, hand-foot-and-mouth disease, optic neuritis, chronic venous disease
Chinese proprietary medicine* or traditional Chinese preparation†25Cerebrovascular disease (2), primary liver cancer (2), dementia and cognitive impairment (2), viral hepatitis, gastrointestinal disease, Behcet syndrome, adult onset Still's disease, rheumatoid arthritis, influenza, Malassezia-associated diseases, eczema, vascular cognitive impairment, bronchial asthma, type 2 diabetes mellitus, acute ischaemic stroke, psoriasis, management of menopause, nasosinusitis, influenza, hand-foot-and-mouth disease, acute paraquat poisoning, fatty liver disease
Acupuncture and/or moxibustion14Stroke (2), irritable bowel syndrome, childhood diarrhoea, prostatitis, fibromyalgia syndrome, haemorrhoids, adult insomnia, acute ischaemic stroke, migraine, management of menopause, chronic constipation, child autism, acne
Acupuncture point injection1Childhood diarrhoea
  • *Chinese patent medicine, Chinese herbal preparation or Chinese herb extracts.

  • †The forms were unspecified.

  • As one guideline may recommend more than one kind of TCM therapy, the total number of guidelines involved is larger than 74.