Table 2

Patient characteristics among typology models

Patient characteristicsExclusively primary careFamily physician- dominant co-managementSpecialist-dominant co-managementExclusively specialist careLow engagement
N=6094N=1349N=4118N=707N=1149
Male sex5128 (84.1%)1194 (88.5%)3013 (73.2%)525 (74.3%)959 (83.5%)
Age category (years)
 18–351064 (17.5%)169 (12.5%)753 (18.3%)161 (22.8%)166 (14.4%)
 36–493265 (53.6%)705 (52.3%)2136 (51.9%)387 (54.7%)617 (53.7%)
 50–651523 (25.0%)439 (32.5%)1092 (26.5%)149 (21.1%)317 (27.6%)
 >65242 (4.0%)36 (2.7%)137 (3.3%)10 (1.4%)49 (4.3%)
Neighbourhood income quintile
 Quintile 1 (lowest)1623 (26.6%)430 (31.9%)1538 (37.3%)288 (40.7%)373 (32.5%)
 Quintile 21236 (20.3%)248 (18.4%)881 (21.4%)156 (22.1%)218 (19.0%)
 Quintile 31025 (16.8%)220 (16.3%)638 (15.5%)92 (13.0%)206 (17.9%)
 Quintile 41024 (16.8%)193 (14.3%)526 (12.8%)93 (13.2%)174 (15.1%)
 Quintile 5 (highest)1129 (18.5%)238 (17.6%)510 (12.4%)75 (10.6%)159 (13.8%)
 Missing57 (0.9%)20 (1.5%)25 (0.6%)≤519 (1.7%)
Rurality index
 Major urban5553 (91.1%)1263 (93.6%)3596 (87.3%)617 (87.3%)1030 (89.6%)
 Non-major urban450 (7.4%)61 (4.5%)409 (9.9%)73 (10.3%)86 (7.5%)
 Rural80 (1.3%)20 (1.5%)96 (2.3%)16 (2.3%)30 (2.6%)
 Missing11 (0.2%)≤517 (0.4%)≤5≤5
Immigrant status
 Canadian born5145 (84.4%)1144 (84.8%)3009 (73.1%)505 (71.4%)968 (84.2%)
 Immigrant from Africa or the Caribbean413 (6.8%)108 (8.0%)718 (17.4%)153 (21.6%)90 (7.8%)
 Immigrant from Europe and Western Nations132 (2.2%)22 (1.6%)75 (1.8%)13 (1.8%)36 (3.1%)
 Immigrant from other nations404 (6.6%)70 (5.2%)315 (7.6%)36 (5.1%)
Mental health condition2384 (39.1%)675 (50.0%)1688 (41.0%)216 (30.6%)160 (13.9%)
Number of ADGs
 High1167 (19.1%)496 (36.8%)1121 (27.2%)145 (20.5%)76 (6.6%)
 Medium1968 (32.3%)502 (37.2%)1547 (37.6%)166 (23.5%)66 (5.7%)
 Low2959 (48.6%)351 (26.0%)1450 (35.2%)396 (56.0%)1007 (87.6%)
Number of visits to the usual family physician (mean, SD)13.6±13.419.6±15.18.6±15.9NANA
Number of visits to HIV specialists (mean, SD)NA4.9±4.59.1±6.18.2±6.9NA
  • ADGs, adjusted diagnosis groups; NA, not available.