Table 1

Acupuncture points, stimulation, localisation, tissue in which needles are inserted and innervation areas

Acupuncture pointStimulationLocalisationMuscleMuscle innervation
Set 1
 Zhongji; CV3EA4 cun caudal to the umbilicusFibrous tissue, linea albaL1
 Zhongwan; CV12EAOn the midline, 4 cun superior to the umbilicusFibrous tissue, linea albaTh7–8
 Guilai; ST29
 Bilateral
EA1 cun cranial to the pubic bone and 2 cun lateral of the midlineM. rectus abdominisTh6–12
 Liangqiu; ST34
 Bilateral
EA2 cun above the superior lateral border of the patella on the line connecting the anterior superior iliac spine found with the knee flexedM. quadriceps femorisfemoral nerve
 Yinshi; ST33
 Bilateral
EA3 cun above the superior lateral border of the patella on the line connecting the anterior superior iliac spine found with the knee flexedM. quadriceps femorisfemoral nerve
 Sanyinjiao; SP6DeQi four times3 cun proximal to the medial malleolusMm. flexor digitorum longus, tibialis posteriorL4–5, S1–2
 Zusanli; ST36DeQi four timesOn the anterior lateral side of the leg, 3 cun below Dubi (ST35), one finger width (middle finger) from the anterior crest of the tibiaMusculi tibialis anteriorL4–5, S1
 Hegu; LI4DeQi four timesOn the highest point at m. interosseus dorsalisMm. interosseus dorsalis I, lumbricalis II, adductor pollicisC8, Th1
Set 2
 Daju; ST27EA3 cun cranial to the pubic bone and 2 cun lateral to the midlineM. rectus abdominisTh6–12
 Qihai; CV6EA1.5 cun caudal to the umbilicusFibrous tissue, linea albaTh11
 Xiawan; CV10EA2 cun cranial to the umbilicusFibrous tissue, linea albaTh8
 Extra meridian pointEA6 cun above the patella in line with SP10M. quadriceps femorisL2–L4
 Xuehai; SP10EAWith the knee flexed, on the medial side of the thigh 2 cun above the superior medial corner of the patella on the prominence of the medial head of the quadriceps muscle of the thighM. quadriceps femorisL2–L4
 Sanyinjiao; SP6DeQi four times3 cun proximal to the medial malleolusMm. flexor digitorum longus, tibialis posteriorL4–5, S1–2
Taichong; LR3DeQi four timesBetween metatarsal I & II, just distal to the caputM. interosseus dorsalis IS2–3
 Neiguan; PC6DeQi four times2 cun proximal to the processus styloideus radii, between the tendons of the palmaris longus and the flexor carpi radialisM. flexor digitorum superficialisC8, Th1
  • The two sets will be alternated for every other treatment.

  • C, cervical vertebra; CV, conception vessel; EA, electroacupuncture; L, lumbar vertebra; LI, large intestine; LR, liver; M., musculus; PC, pericardium; S, sacral vertebra; SP, spleen; ST, stomach; Th, thoracic vertebra.