Table 2

Data from current study mapped against known issues related to non-use of smoking cessation assistance

StudiesIssues related to non-use of smoking cessation assistance
Treatment-related issuesPatient-related issuesSocial-environmental issues
CostAccess (eg, delay in getting prescription; GP as gatekeeper)Lack of awareness or knowledge about assistance (including misperceptions):Overconfidence in own abilitiesNot regarded as appropriate:Social norms (eg, relating to use of assistance or perception of assistance users)
Effectiveness/ how assistance worksSafety/side effects/future health/new addictionAvailability (eg, how to get NRT, free or subsidised pharmacotherapy or behavioural support)For the smoker (eg, not addicted enough; do not like using medications)For quitting (eg, deals with addiction not behavioural/psychological aspects)
Quantitative
 Etter and Perneger 9
 Bansal et al10
 Cummings et al40
 Hammond et al41
 Mooney et al42
 Gross et al11
 Shiffman et al12
 Vogt et al26*
 Vogt et al43
 Borland et al44
 Willems et al45
 Cobb et al46
 Cook-Shimanek et al30
Qualitative
 Vogt et al26*
 Vogt et al43
 Uppal et al34
Data from current study
  • *Vogt et al26 reported data from two studies, one qualitative and one quantitative

  • †Vogt et al43 reported data from two studies, one qualitative and one quantitative.

  • GP, general practitioner; NRT, nicotine replacement therapy.