Table 2

Total and mean per patient healthcare resource use and cost (UK £2012/13) for the cohort

Resource use
Total resource consumption across cohort*
Resource use
Mean (SE) per patient or per cent of cohort with procedure/event
Cost
Mean (SE) per patient across whole cohort
n=936n=936n=936
In-hospital episode
Blood products†
 RBC units14781.58 (0.20)£198.13 (£24.55)
 FFP units1740.19 (0.05)£5.72 (£1.35)
 Platelets units610.07 (0.02)£13.84 (£3.97)
 Cryoprecipitate units120.01 (0.01)£2.45 (£1.53)
 Single factor VIIa dose20.25%£2.55 (£46.86)
Laboratory testing‡
 FBC tests45924.88 (0.26)£16.47 (£0.87)
 Urea and electrolytes tests42664.52 (0.31)£5.74 (£0.39)
 Liver function tests30813.29 (0.44)£2.27 (£0.30)
 Coagulation tests24062.55 (0.30)£17.22 (£2.06)
Medications§
 MedicationsVarious¶Various¶£23.76 (£5.59)
Fluids in 24 h**
 Colloids (L)1170.12 (0.04)£0.63 (£0.23)
 Crystalloids (L)16061.72 (0.07)£2.44 (£0.10)
Endoscopies††
 Diagnostic5060.57 (0.06)£371.13 (£36.24)
 Therapeutic2770.29 (0.05)£270.40 (£44.83)
Interventions‡‡
 Surgical121.3%£19.37 (£5.56)
 Radiological121.3%£33.42 (£16.14)
Adverse events in hospital‡‡
 Acute coronary syndrome40.4%£3.77 (£1.88)
 Stroke30.3%£4.77 (£2.75)
 Acute kidney injury171.8%£27.69 (£8.79)
 Pulmonary embolism50.5%£4.01 (£1.79)
 Deep vein thrombosis00%£0.00 (£0.00)
Length of hospital stay
 Total length of hospital stay (days)49975.34 (0.29)£1438.97 (£110.86)
Total in-hospital costs£2457.58 (£215.73)
Postdischarge care§§,¶¶,***
 Acute hospital readmission bed days4900.52 (0.08)£138.96 (£20.75)
 Community hospital admission bed days660.07 (0.04)£18.80 (£10.62)
 Nursing/residential care admission bed days3670.38 (0.20)£32.05 (£17.12)
 Number of ED visits1600.17 (0.03)£17.33 (£2.56)
 Number of hospital clinic visits3740.41 (0.06)£50.42 (£6.93)
 Number of day hospital visits870.10 (0.03)£41.22 (£11.37)
 Number of visits to GP6080.65 (0.06)£29.44 (£2.72)
 Number of GP home visits980.10 (0.02)£11.88 (£2.01)
 Number of visits to practice nurse1830.20 (0.03)£2.67 (£0.42)
 Number of home visits from district nurse3130.34 (0.09)£13.44 (£3.42)
 Number of other health/social visits7000.77 (0.48)£35.00 (£21.99)
Total postdischarge costs to 28 days£391.20 (£43.55)
Total costs to 28 days£2850.85 (£225.15)
  • *Based on data following multiple imputation.

  • Data were missing and therefore imputed on:

  • †RBCs for 1 patient/FFP, platelets and cryoprecipitate for 10 patients/rFVIIa for 37 patients.

  • ‡Laboratory tests for seven patients.

  • §Medications for 56 patients.

  • ¶Numerous and so not reported individually.

  • Data were missing and therefore imputed on:

  • **Colloids for 39 patients/crystalloids for 32 patients.

  • ††Diagnostic and therapeutic endoscopies for 12 patients.

  • ‡‡Surgical intervention, radiological intervention, acute coronary syndrome, stroke, acute kidney injury, pulmonary embolism and deep vein thrombosis for one patient.

  • §§Denominator when estimating missing data for postdischarge care is 894 patients not recorded as having died by 28 days.

  • ¶¶Data missing on acute hospital readmission for 272 patients/community hospital readmissions and nursing home and residential care admissions for 304 patients/ED visits for 278 patients/hospital clinic visits for 275 patients/day hospital visits for 276 patients/GP visits, GP home visits, practice nurse visits and district nurse home visits for 315 patients/other health and social care visits for 398 patients.

  • ***Data reported are total number of bed days and visits with some patients having numerous contacts.

  • ED, emergency department; FBC, full blood count; FFP, fresh frozen plasma; GP, general practitioner; RBC, red blood cell.