TableĀ 1

Participant characteristics with confidence values with p<0.05 significant

N=4169Wave 1Wave 2Wave 3Wave 4
Sex (% male)51.3
Country of birth (child) (% Australia)95.8
LOTE at home (%)12.5
Metropolitan location (%)61.4
Country of birth (parent) (% Australia)Parent 175.2
Parent 262.8
MeanSDMeanSDMeanSDMeanSD
Age (years)All4.800.226.870.248.850.2410.890.29
Boys4.790.226.870.248.850.2410.890.29
Girls4.800.226.880.248.850.2410.890.29
p Valuensnsnsns
Weight (kg)All19.282.8724.584.3831.546.6540.6610.14
Boys19.522.7924.814.3631.746.7140.539.86
Girls19.042.9224.334.4031.346.5940.8010.44
p Valuep<0.0001p=0.0006p=0.0592p=0.3945
Height (cm)All108.504.66121.825.36133.486.00144.956.65
Boys109.024.68122.385.43134.036.03144.816.48
Girls107.944.57121.235.22132.895.90145.106.82
p Valuep<0.0001p<0.0001p<0.0001p=0.1796
BMI z-score (WHO)All0.660.990.501.070.601.160.591.18
Boys0.750.990.541.120.631.230.691.20
Girls0.560.970.471.020.561.090.481.15
P Valuep<0.001p=0.0542p=0.0430p<0.001
Weight status (WHO)nPer centnPer centnPer centnPer cent
Thinness/normalAll264867.65282272.16260266.62246164.73
OverweightAll91723.4375519.3084321.5885222.41
ObeseAll3498.923348.5446111.8048912.86
Thinness/normalBoys129264.37141070.25132265.84120361.38
OverweightBoys51925.8641220.5342621.2245323.11
ObeseBoys1969.771859.2226012.9530415.51
Thinness/normalGirls135671.11141274.16128067.44125868.30
OverweightGirls39820.8734318.0141721.9739921.66
ObeseGirls1538.021497.8320110.5918510.04
  • The p values in the columns represent differences between boys and girls.

  • BMI, body mass index; LOTE, language other than English; ns, not significant.