Table 1

Prevalence of anaemia among lactating mothers by background characteristics in Ethiopia using pooled data from the EDHS 2005 and 2011

2005 20112005–2011
Background characteristicTotal lactating women†Prevalence of anaemia (95% CI)Total lactating women†Prevalence of anaemia (95% CI)Total lactating women† Prevalence of anaemia (95% CI)
Region 
 Tigray14235.4 (27.69 to 43.33)28113.4 (9.89 to 17.90)42220.8 (17.18 to 24.93)
 Afar2246.2 (25.88 to 66.16)3842.4 (27.27 to 58.10)5943.8 (31.83 to 56.87)
 Amhara59132.2 (28.47 to 36.00)135218.9 (16.91 to 21.09)194322.9 (21.12 to 24.86)
 Oromia82628.5 (25.45 to 31.60)204120.1 (18.39 to 21.87)286722.5 (21.00 to 24.05)
 Somali6049.2 (37.50 to 62.50)9248.3 (37.76 to 58.02)15248.7 (40.80 to 56.62)
 Benshangul-gumz2426.8 (10.81 to 44.92)5920.5 (11.51 to 32.02)8322.9 (14.81 to 32.83)
 SNNPR57826.2 (22.66 to 29.82)105913.5 (11.54 to 15.66)163718.0 (16.16 to 19.88)
 Gambella646.5 (14.66 to 85.34)1823.2 (7.49 to 45.31)2528.0 (13.15 to 47.7)
 Harari327.1 (1.67 to 86.80)1023.4 (3.50 to 51.95)1520.0 (5.35 to 45.35)
 Addis Ababa2714.4 (4.89 to 31.97)837.3 (2.98 to 14.43)1119.0 (4.07 to 15.47)
 Dire Dawa533.0 (7.35 to 81.76)1335.8 (15.68 to 65.91)1833.3 (14.77 to 56.9)
Residence
 Urban14519.4 (13.49 to 26.34)59512.4 (9.96 to 15.27)74013.8 (11.44 to 16.41)
 Rural214030.6 (28.68 to 32.59)445219.4 (18.27 to 20.59)659223.0 (21.99 to 24.03)
Wealth index
 Poor98632.2 (29.29 to 35.12)230621.4 (19.74 to 23.09)329324.6 (23.15 to 26.09)
 Middle51729.9 (26.15 to 34.04)110217.0 (14.84 to 19.27)161921.1 (19.19 to 23.16)
 Rich78227.0 (23.96 to 30.18)163915.6 (13.86 to 17.37)242019.3 (17.76 to 20.91)
Current occupational status
 Not working156831.8 (29.55 to 34.16)232521.0 (19.37 to 22.68)389325.4 (24.06 to 26.29)
 Working*71225.5 (22.46 to 28.86)272216.4 (15.03 to 17.81)343418.3 (17.02 to 19.61)
BMI
 <18.548133.9 (29.76 to 38.21)113819.3 (17.12 to 21.70)161923.6 (21.57 to 25.71)
 18.5–24.99172928.3 (26.20 to 30.44)372318.1 (16.89 to 19.37)545321.3 (20.22 to 22.39)
 25+6542.1 (30.05 to 53.76)17520.4 (15.07 to 27.04)24026.3 (20.98 to 32.09)
Duration of breastfeeding (years)
 1107230.7 (27.98 to 33.50)246120.6 (19.04 to 22.23)353323.7 (22.31 to 25.11)
 272826.6 (23.53 to 29.95)149015.4 (13.61 to 17.27)221819.1 (17.52 to 20.79)
 3+47832.5 (28.34 to 36 to 72)109618.2 (15.96 to 20.52)157522.6 (20.59 to 24.72)
Mother's education
 None180431.8 (29.70 to 34.00)348619.2 (17.91 to 20.52)529123.5 (22.36 to 24.65)
 Primary39424.3 (20.32 to 28.79)137718.3 (16.32 to 20.41)177019.6 (17.80 to 21.50)
 Secondary7917.3 (10.46 to 27.31)1268.3 (4.10 to 13.69)20511.8 (7.83 to 16.67)
 Higher81.1 (0.63 to 48.03)589.7 (4.30 to 20.28)668.7 (3.77 to 17.95)
Husband's education
 None133333.9 (31.40 to 36.48)253120.3 (18.77 to 21.91)386425.0 (23.65 to 26.38)
 Primary70126.2 (23.09 to 29.60)204817.2 (15.60 to 18.87)274919.5 (18.05 to 21.01)
 Secondary19920.7 (15.41 to 26.64)23814.3 (10.26 to 19.17)43717.2 (13.84 to 20.92)
 Higher2314.8 (3.43 to 31.53)14713.7 (8.75 to 19.88)17013.8 (8.99 to 19.30)
Family planning
 Never used177532.1 (29.97 to 34.31)288921.2 (19.72 to 22.70)466325.4 (24.16 to 26.66)
 Ever used1516.4 (2.30 to 37.52)215814.9 (13.46 to 16.47)217314.9 (13.46.16.45)
ANC use
 Never163632.0 (29.80 to 34.32)297720.4 (18.97 to 21.87)461324.5 (23.27 to 25.75)
 1–3 times38627.7 (23.43 to 32.35)120818.4 (16.27 to 20.64)159420.6 (18.65 to 22.62)
 4+ times26018.9 (14.44 to 23.95)84512.6 (10.44 to 14.91)110514.1 (12.16 to 16.27)
Iron supplementation during pregnancy
 No204630.1 (28.15 to 32.12)419618.8 (17.64 to 20.01)624222.5 (21.47 to 23.54)
 Yes23627.1 (21.74 to 33.06)84016.9 (14.48 to 19.55)107619.2 (16.97 to 21.68)
Parity
 1–4129328.9 (26.50 to 31.44)311118.1 (16.77 to 19.48)440421.3 (20.11 to 22.53)
 5–990330.5 (27.52 to 33.52)173919.6 (17.79 to 21.53)264223.3 (21.73 to 24.96)
 10+8937.1 (27.53 to 47.46)19717.0 (12.02 to 12.46)28723.2 (18.72 to 28.50)
Total228529.9 (28.04 to 31.79)504718.5 (17.45 to 19.60)733222.1 (21.13 to 23.03)
  • *Professional/technical/managerial, clerical, sales and services, skilled manual, unskilled manual and agriculture. †The numbers are weighted. ANC, antenatal care; BMI, body mass index; EDHS, Ethiopian Demographic and Health Survey.