Table 4

Health outcomes at 6 months follow-up

Admission score6 months scoreUnadjusted modelAdjusted model*
Mean (SD)Mean (SD)β (95% CI)Rate of change†β (95% CI)Rate of change†
PTSD outcomes
PSS-I36.8 (7.56)23.8 (12.3)−13.0 (−14.5 to −11.5)T1−13.0−12.9 (−14.5 to −11.4)T1−12.9
T2−8.01T2−8.06
T3−3.22T3−3.21
IES-R56.4 (14.8)41.1 (20.9)−16.5 (−19.0 to −14.0)T1−16.5−16.8 (−19.3 to −14.3)T1−16.8
T2−10.3T2−10.4
T3−4.00T3−4.00
Other mental health outcomes
PHQ-917.3 (5.04)13.7 (6.18)−4.35 (−5.19 to −3.51)T1−4.35−4.20 (−5.06 to −3.34)T1−4.20
T2−2.59T2−2.51
T3−0.83T3−0.82
GAD-7‡15.4 (4.40)12.3 (5.73)−4.65 (−5.38 to −3.91)T1−4.65−4.61 (−5.37 to −3.85)T1−4.61
T2−2.70T2−2.66
T3−0.74T3−0.72
DAR-511.2 (4.81)9.7 (6.84)−3.00 (−3.68 to −2.29)T1−3.00−2.95 (−3.67 to −2.23)T1−2.95
T2−1.71T2−1.70
T3−0.44T3−0.44
Functioning outcomes
HONOS16.1 (6.46)12.3 (7.35)−6.85 (−7.98 to −5.72)T1−6.85−6.84 (−8.02 to −5.66)T1−6.84
T2−4.00T2−4.02
T3−1.15T3−1.19
GAF52.5 (7.74)60.5 (10.9)5.90 (3.97 to 7.82)T15.906.00 (4.06 to 7.93)T16.00
T23.96T24.15
T32.03T32.29
WSAS25.2 (7.68)22.4 (9.55)−3.07 (−4.21 to −1.93)T1−3.07−3.35 (−4.50 to −2.20)T1−3.35
T2−1.94T2−2.24
T3−0.81T3−0.99
  • *Adjusted for employment status and age group.

  • †T1=rate of change between admission and discharge, T2=rate of change between discharge and 6 weeks, T3=rate of change between 6 weeks and 6 months. This do not refer to changes in health scores.

  • ‡Linear model fitted as unable to fit non-linear model.

  • DAR-5, Dimensions of Anger Reactions; GAD-7, Generalised Anxiety Disorder Assessment; GAF, Global Assessment of Function; HONOS, Health of the Nation Outcome Scales; IES-R, Revised Impact of Events Scale; PSS-I, PTSD Symptom Scale Interview; PTSD, post-traumatic stress disorder; WSAS, Work and Social Adjustment Scale.