Table 1

Characteristics of 121 participants from the Mid-North Coast, New South Wales

CharacteristicN (%)
Male58 (48)
Female63 (52)
Age group (years)
 18–2436 (30)
 25–3441 (34)
 35–4544 (36)
Main income source (n=1 missing)
 Income support79 (65)
 Working41 (34)
Healthcare card holder90 (74)
SEIFA* deciles of postcodes (n=2 missing)
 1–273 (60)
 3–440 (33)
 5–96 (5)
Education level
 Primary to year 1056 (46)
 Year 11 to year 1230 (35)
 Postsecondary35 (29)
Baby/child at home81 (67)
Smokers at home (includes self)
 138 (31)
 2–371 (59)
 >312 (10)
Home smoking rules
 Complete ban96 (79)
  Smoke-free homes with children70 (86)
  Smoke-free homes with no children26 (65)
 Partial/no ban25 (21)
Most of the family/social circle smoke101 (84)
Frequency of smoking
 Daily smoker102 (84)
 Smoke most days8 (7)
 Occasional smoker11 (9)
Type of tobacco smoked
 Normal cigarettes110 (91)
 Hand-rolled cigarettes51 (42)
Smoking behavioursMean; ±SD; (range)
 Age of first cigarette13.98; ±2.99; (5–25)
 Age took up regular smoking16.11; ±3.05; (7–27)
 Duration (years) until regular smoker2; 0.3; (0–11)
 Total years of regular smoking15; 8.22; (1–32)
 Heaviness of Smoking Index (0–6)Median: 3 (IQR 2–4)
Quitting behaviours
 Previous quit attempts97 (80)
 Consulted with doctor/HP about quitting63 (52)
 Used cessation medications69 (46)
Variables from scales
 Perceived efficacy
  High63 (52)
  Low58 (48)
 Perceived threat
  High93 (77)
  Low28 (23)
 Protection responses
  High84 (69)
  Low37 (31)
 Fear control responses
  High63 (52)
  Low58 (48)
 Intention to quit smoking in next 3 months
  High80 (66)
  Low41 (34)
 Intention to seek help to quit smoking in next 3 months
  High61 (50)
  Low60 (50)
  • Higher deciles reflect higher relative advantage; lower deciles reflect lower relative advantage. For this sample, all participants who were resident in the local area were deciles 1–4. Participants in deciles 5–9 were not local residents.

  • *SEIFA (Socioeconomic Index For Areas) was used to estimate socioeconomic status in this study,28 specifically the Index of Relative Socioeconomic Advantage and Disadvantage.

  • HP, health professional.