Table 3

Cervical cancer knowledge and attitudes among rural and urban women in the study population

VariableTotal (n=575) % (n)Rural (n=303) % (n)Urban (n=272) % (n)p Value*­­
Aware of the disease†
 No17.6 (101)17.5 (53)17.7 (48)0.96
 Yes82.4 (474)82.5 (250)82.4 (224)
Source of awareness
 Church8.44 (40)13.6 (34)2.68 (6)<0.001
 Family/friend20.5 (97)20.4 (51)20.5 (46)0.97
 Healthcare12.7 (60)13.6 (34)11.6 (26)0.51
 Studies1.27 (6)0.80 (2)1.79 (224)0.43‡
 Newspaper12.7 (60)10.8 (27)14.7 (33)0.20
 Radio72.8 (345)80.4 (201)64.3 (144)<0.001
 Television22.2 (105)8.00 (20)40.0 (85)<0.001
Adequate knowledge cervical cancer†
 No86.9 (411)91.2 (277)82.1 (184)<0.001
 Yes13.1 (62)8.82 (22)17.9 (40)
Known someone with cervical cancer
 No73.8 (417)71.7 (213)76.1 (204)0.235
 Yes26.2 (148)28.3 (84)23.9 (64)
Ever screened for cervical cancer
 No93.7 (538)95.7 (290)91.5 (248)0.040
 Yes6.8 (39)4.3 (13)8.5 (23)
If not, would accept cervical cancer screening
 No10.2 (55)10.9 (32)9.4 (23)0.557
 Yes89.8 (485)89.1 (262)90.7 (223)
Max distance willing to travel
 <30 min18.5 (72)16.7 (35)20.7 (37)<0.01
 1 h26.5 (103)23.3 (49)30.2 (54)
 ≥2 h55.0 (214)60.0 (126)49.2 (88)
Believes cervical cancer is fatal
 No12.8 (73)9.0 (27)17.0 (46)0.004
 Yes87.2 (498)91.0 (273)83.0 (225)
Believes cervical cancer can be treated
 No34.9 (197)36.9 (108)32.8 (89)0.317
 Yes65.1 (367)63.1 (185)67.2 (182)
Believes they are at risk for cervical cancer
 No33.4 (192)37.6 (114)28.7 (78)0.023
 Yes66.6 (383)62.4 (189)71.3 (194)
Believes their daughter is at risk for cervical cancer
 No35.1 (80)38.8 (57)28.4 (23)0.116
 Yes64.9 (148)61.2 (90)71.6 (58)
  • *Pearson's χ2.

  • †Adequate knowledge of cervical cancer was ‘yes’ to “Have you heard of (1) cancer and, (2) the cervix?” and “Have you heard of cervical cancer?” and ‘women’ to “Who can develop cervical cancer?” Awareness of cervical cancer was ‘yes’ to “Have you heard of cervical cancer?”

  • ‡Fisher's exact test.