Table 2

Health characteristics among rural and urban women in the study population

CharacteristicTotal (n=575) % (n)Rural (n=303) % (n)Urban (n=272) % (n)p Value
Self-reported health status
 Excellent3.2 (18)2.7 (8)3.7 (10)0.001*
 Very good6.4 (36)6.7 (20)5.9 (16)
 Good34.7 (197)26.3 (78)44.1 (119)
 Fair51.3 (291)58.6 (174)43.3 (117)
 Poor4.4 (25)5.7 (17)3.0 (8)
Smoker
 No99.1 (564)99.3 (298)98.9 (266)0.671†
 Yes0.9 (5)0.7 (2)1.1 (3)
HIV positive
 No99.0 (567)99.3 (300)98.5 (267)0.429†
 Yes0.9 (5)0.7 (2)1.1 (3)
Currently using contraception (any)
 No57.5 (319)55.6 (164)59.6 (155)0.339‡
 Yes42.5 (236)44.4 (131)40.4 (105)
Ever had intercourse
 No7.0 (40)3.3 (10)11.1 (30)<0.001‡
 Yes93.0 (533)96.7 (292)88.9 (241)
Age of sexual debut
 Mean (±SD)19.8 (3.2)19.6 (3.2)19.9 (3.3)0.794§
 <166.4 (32)6.5 (18)6.5 (14)0.973‡
 16–2382.1 (409)82.4 (229)81.8 (180)
 ≥2411.5 (57)11.2 (31)11.8 (26)
Lifetime number of sexual partners
 None7.2 (41)3.3 (10)11.7 (31)0.201*
 164.1 (363)68.8 (207)58.9 (156)
 2–325.6 (145)24.9 (75)26.4 (70)
 ≥43.0 (17)3.0 (9)3.0 (8)
  • *Cochran-Armitage test for trend.

  • †Fisher's exact test.

  • ‡Pearson's χ2 test.

  • §Wilcoxon rank-sum test.