Table 1

Patient characteristics of patients with and without prior outpatient treatment

Prior outpatient treatment
1613 (100%)
No prior outpatient treatment
5710 (100%)
p Value
Age (mean±SD)64±2563±250.62
Male gender753 (47)2430 (43)0.003
Pulmonary disease720 (45)2141 (38)<0.001
Diabetes53 (3)194 (3)0.83
Heart failure114 (7)335 (6)0.08
CVA15 (1)87 (2)0.07
PPI use594 (37)1705 (30)<0.001
Corticosteroid use474 (29)1305 (23)<0.001
  • Data are presented as number (%), unless otherwise stated.

  • CVA, cerebrovascular accident; PPI, proton-pump inhibitor.