Table 2

Select socioeconomic factors and BCS awareness

BSE awarenessCBE awarenessMammogram awareness
YesNoYesNoYesNo
Variablesn (%)n (%)p Valuen (%)n (%)p Valuen (%)n (%)p Value
Nationalityχ2 (4, N=1063)=29.37, p<0.001χ2 (4, N=1063)=11.31, p=0.023χ2 (4, N=696)=29.02, p<0.001
 Qatari citizen141 (25.5)413 (74.5)223 (40.3)331 (59.7)77 (20.3)302 (79.7)
 Other GCC resident18 (15.5)98 (84.5)37 (31.9)79 (68.1)7 (10.6)59 (89.4)
 Levant resident66 (38.8)104 (61.2)83 (48.8)87 (51.2)36 (31.3)79 (68.7)
 North Africa resident43 (40.2)64 (59.8)53 (49.5)54 (50.5)30 (41.7)42 (58.3)
 Other resident39 (33.6)77 (66.4)48 (41.4)68 (58.6)23 (35.9)41 (64.1)
Marital statusχ2 (1, N=1063)=5.16, p=0.023χ2 (1, N=1063)=21.72, p<0.001χ2 (1, N=696) = 10.85, p=0.001
 Single51 (22.8)173 (77.2)63 (28.1)161 (71.9)21 (14.4)125 (85.6)
 Married256 (30.5)583 (69.5)381 (45.4) 458 (54.6)152 (27.6)398 (72.4)
Living areaχ2 (1, N=1063)=0.13, p=0.723χ2 (1, N=1063)=2.40, p=0.122χ2 (1, N=696)=10.23, p=0.001
 Urban274 (29.1)669 (70.9)386 (40.9)557 (59.1)164 (26.8)448 (73.2)
 Semiurban33 (27.5)87 (72.5)58 (48.3)62 (51.7)9 (10.7)75 (89.3)
Education level—participantχ2 (2, N=1063)=90.99, p<0.001χ2 (2, N=1063)=13.34, p=0.001χ2 (2, N=696)=66.00, p<0.001
 ≤Primary/intermediate42 (11.7)317 (88.3)126 (35.1)233 (64.9)33 (11.2)261 (88.8)
 Secondary/trade110 (31.4)240 (68.6)146 (41.7)204 (58.3)59 (27.1)159 (72.9)
 University155 (43.8)199 (56.2)172 (48.6)182 (51.4)81 (44.0)103 (56.0)
Education level—husbandχ2 (2, N=896)=57.73, p<0.001χ2 (2, N=896)=21.37, p<0.001χ2 (2, N=604)=36.61, p<0.001
 ≤Primary/intermediate35 (12.7)241 (87.3)90 (32.6)186 (67.4)27 (12.4)190 (87.6)
 Secondary97 (33.2)195 (66.8)139 (47.6)153 (52.4)51 (27.1)137 (72.9)
 University132 (40.2)196 (59.8)165 (50.3)163 (49.7)76 (38.2)123 (61.8)
Employment status—participantχ2 (1, N=1063)=31.74, p<0.001χ2 (1, N=1063)=0.80, p=0.372χ2 (1, N=696)=7.95, p=0.005
 Employed144 (39.8)218 (60.2)158 (43.6)204 (56.4)61 (32.4)127 (67.6)
 Unemployed163 (23.3)538 (76.7)286 (40.8)415 (59.2)112 (22.0)396 (78.0)
Occupation—participantχ2 (4, N=1047)=39.09, p<0.001χ2 (4, N=1047)=9.41, p=0.052χ2 (4, N=686)=28.43, p<0.001
 Unemployed25 (33.3)50 (66.7)41 (54.7)34 (45.3)20 (32.8)41 (67.2)
 Management, science, arts95 (42.2)130 (57.8)94 (41.8)131 (58.2)45 (44.6)56 (55.4)
 Sales and office20 (33.9)39 (66.1)24 (40.7)35 (59.3)7 (18.9)30 (81.1)
 Services, production, other25 (40.3)37 (59.7)32 (51.6)30 (48.4)8 (20.0)32 (80.0)
 Homemaker138 (22.0)488 (78.0)245 (39.1)381 (60.9)92 (20.6)355 (79.4)
Occupation—husbandχ2 (5, N=855)=22.24, p<0.001χ2 (5, N=855)=7.60, p=0.180χ2 (5, N=563)=16.83, p=0.005
 Unemployed or retired20 (16.4)102 (83.6)45 (36.9)77 (63.1)18 (16.1)94 (83.9)
 Management, science, arts112 (36.7)193 (63.3)151 (49.5)154 (50.5)65 (35.9)116 (64.1)
 Service39 (37.1)66 (62.9)44 (41.9)61 (58.1)12 (21.4)44 (78.6)
 Sales and office39 (30.0)91 (70.0)62 (47.7)68 (52.3)29 (32.2)61 (67.8)
 Production, other24 (23.1)80 (76.9)42 (40.4)62 (59.6)19 (26.0)54 (74.0)
 Military25 (28.1)64 (71.9)38 (42.7)51 (57.3)11 (21.6)40 (78.4)
Annual household incomeχ2 (2, N=577)=12.47, p=0.002χ2 (2, N=577)=14.33, p=0.001χ2 (2, N=355)=14.48, p=0.001
 <US$29 39031 (22.5)107 (77.5)47 (34.1)91 (65.9)13 (14.4)77 (85.6)
 US$29 390–US$78 56072 (26.3)202 (73.7)123 (44.9)151 (55.1)45 (26.8)123 (73.2)
 >US$78 56065 (39.4)100 (60.6)92 (55.8)73 (44.2)38 (39.2)59 (60.8)
  • BCS, breast cancer screening; BSE, breast self-examination; CBE, clinical breast examination; GCC, Gulf Cooperation Council.