Table 1

Baseline characteristics

CharacteristicsPlacebo (n=36)Probiotic (n=34)
Previous AAD/no previous AAD9/275/29
Mean age (year (SD))6.3 (3.2)6.8 (2.7)
Male/female24/1217/17
Weight (kg (SD))28.0 (12.8)28.4 (9.1)
β-lactams34 (94%)30 (89%)
Macrolides1 (3%)4 (12%)
Tetracyclines1 (3%)0 (0%)
Below recommended dose of antibiotics19 (53%)12 (38%)
Recommended dose of antibiotics16 (44%)17 (53%)
Above recommended dose of antibiotics1 (3%)3 (9%)
Unknown dose of antibiotics0 (0%)2 (6%)
Completed antibiotic treatment27 (75%)29 (85%)
Stool frequency daily or 2nd daily33 (92%)31 (91%)
Stool frequency other than daily or 2nd daily3 (8%)3 (9%)
Reason for antibiotic use
 Ear infection20 (56%)18 (53%)
 Throat infection8 (22%)9 (26%)
 Chest infection3 (8%)3 (9%)
 Other/unknown5 (14%)4 (12%)
  • Values are number (percentage) unless otherwise stated.AAD, antibiotic-associated diarrhoea.