Table 3

Pregnancy and neonatal characteristics of women with and without a history of being in care

CharacteristicTime in carep Value
Yes (n=291)No (n=18 201)
% (95% CI)% (95% CI)
Parity<0.001
 128.7 (22.6 to 35.6)41.4 (40.3 to 42.5)
 233.9 (28.2 to 40.2)35.8 (34.9 to 36.7)
 317.7 (13.6 to 22.7)15.0 (14.3 to 15.7)
 >319.7 (14.6 to 26.2)7.9 (7.3 to 8.5)
Smoking during pregnancy
 Kept smoking during pregnancy58.0 (50.5 to 65.1)20.8 (19.6 to 22.1)<0.001
 Gave up14.9 (10.4 to 21.1)13.3 (12.5 to 14.1)
 Never smoked27.1 (21.5 to 33.5)65.9 (64.6 to 67.3)
Symptoms of depression<0.001
 Yes31.3 (25.4 to 37.8)13.4 (12.7 to 14.1)
 No68.7 (62.2 to 74.6)86.6 (86.0 to 87.3)
Mode of delivery0.03
 Normal76.5 (70.0 to 81.8)67.7 (66.7 to 68.8)
 Instrumental7.6 (4.8 to 11.9)10.3 (9.7 to 11.0)
 Caesarian15.9 (11.5 to 21.6)22.0 (21.2 to 22.8)
Gestational age, weeks0.86
 <280.3 (0.1 to 1.0)0.3 (0.2 to 0.4)
 28–321.5 (0.5 to 4.5)1.2 (1.0 to 1.3)
 33–366.9 (4.2 to 11.2)6.3 (5.9 to 6.8)
 ≥3791.2 (86.9 to 94.2)92.2 (91.7 to 92.7)
Birth weight, kg0.009
 ≥2.588.5 (83.2 to 92.3)93.3 (92.9 to 93.7)
 <2.511.5 (7.7 to 16.8)6.7 (6.3 to 7.1)
Duration of breastfeeding, months
 Never breastfed46.5 (39.5 to 53.6)30.3 (28.6 to 32.0)<0.001
 Less than 227.8 (22.2 to 34.3)26.4 (25.3 to 27.5)
 2–48.9 (5.9 to 13.3)10.6 (10.1 to 11.2)
 More than 416.8 (12.0 to 22.9)32.7 (30.7 to 34.8)