Table 2

Criteria for defining evidence-based fall prevention exercises*

Exercise programme characteristicsDescription
1. Exercise modality: exercise should provide a significant challenge to balance (two or more of the criteria on the right should be met)
  1. Exercise in standing with feet close together or on one leg (or movement from one leg to the other)

  2. Exercises undertaken while standing with minimum use of hands to assist

  3. Exercises undertaken with controlled movement of the whole body while standing (eg, reaching while standing, tai chi, etc)

2. Exercise doseExercises are recommended to be carried out for 2 h or more per week
  • *In order to be classified as evidence-based fall prevention exercise, the exercises must meet criteria 1 and 2.