Table 2

Examples of intended model outputs to aid decision-making

Costs of tobacco useThe economic costs (in €) of tobacco use in the selected area, from both healthcare and wider perspectives
Avoidable Burden of DiseaseThe number of quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) gained per 1000 population over 2, 5, 10 years and a lifetime, as the result of implementing a package of interventions
Incremental Cost-Effectiveness Ratio or ICERHealthcare costs per smoking related death averted, per life year gained and per QALY gained over 2, 5, 10 years and a lifetime, as the result of implementing a package of interventions
Benefit Cost Analyses or BCAHealthcare savings benefit–cost ratios, healthcare savings and value of health gains benefit–cost ratios, as the result of implementing a package of interventions
Net Present Value Analyses or NPVHealthcare cost savings per smoker, healthcare cost savings and value of health gains per smoker, as the result of implementing a package of interventions