Table 4

Personal and professional factors associated with ADR suspicion in the past 4 weeks among 1289 healthcare professionals, Uganda, 2013

FactorADR suspicionCrude analysisAdjusted analysis
Yes (%)No (%)OR95% CIp ValueOR95% CIp Value
Level of health facility
 Other77 (16.1)413 (83.9)1.01.0
 Hospital191 (23.5)621 (76.5)1.61.19 to 2.140.0021.30.81 to 2.060.286
Type of health facility
 Public129 (23.2)426 (76.8)1.01.0
 Private not-for-profit55 (20.5)213 (79.5)0.90.60 to 1.220.3800.80.51 to 1.270.353
 Private for-profit84 (18.0)382 (82.0)0.70.53 to 0.990.0410.80.49 to 1.300.362
Region of the country
 Central148 (25.3)437 (74.7)1.01.0
 Eastern62 (15.1)348 (84.9)0.50.38 to 0.73<0.0010.60.37 to 0.940.025
 Other58 (19.7)236 (80.3)0.70.52 to 1.020.0660.80.50 to 1.220.270
Professional cadre
 Nurse111 (14.7)645 (85.3)1.01.0
 Non-nurse157 (29.5)376 (70.5)2.41.84 to 3.19<0.0011.71.16 to 2.400.005
Age
 Less than 30 years119 (20.8)452 (79.2)1.01.0
 Aged 30 years or older149 (20.8)569 (70.3)1.00.76 to 1.300.9690.90.65 to 1.310.647
Patient load
 Greater than 30/day128 (22.2)449 (77.8)1.01.0
 At most 30/day140 (19.7)572 (80.3)0.90.66 to 1.120.2681.20.85 to 1.750.272
Department
 Surgery13 (13/1)86 (86.9)1.01.0
 Medicine150 (23.7)482 (76.3)2.11.12 to 3.790.0212.10.99 to 4.380.054
 Paediatrics, Obs&Gyn40 (20.2)158 (79.8)1.70.85 to 3.300.1362.00.90 to 4.570.090
 Other65 (18.1)295 (81.9)1.50.77 to 2.770.2501.40.66 to 3.180.358
Involved in medical research
 No160 (17.6)749 (82.3)1.01.0
 Yes108 (38.6)272 (61.4)1.91.40 to 2.46<0.0011.51.05 to 2.150.026
Ever encountered fatal ADR
 No197 (19.0)842 (81.0)1.01.0
 Yes71 (28.4)179 (71.6)1.71.24 to 2.320.0011.10.71 to 1.640.732
Knowing to whom to report
 No129 (20.2)511 (79.8)1.01.0
 Yes139 (21.4)510 (78.6)1.10.82 to 1.410.5771.20.86 to 1.740.254
Suggestions for improved ADR reporting
 No54 (17.0)264 (83.0)1.01.0
 Yes214 (22.0)757 (78.0)1.40.99 to 1.920.0540.90.60 to 1.370.628
Received patient ADR complaint in past 4 weeks
 No73 ( 7.5)900 (92.5)1.01.0
 Yes195 (61.7)121 (38.3)19.914.3 to 27.6<0.00119.013.5 to 27.1<0.001
  • ADR, adverse drug reaction; Obs&Gyn, Obstetrics and Gynaecology.