Table 2

Multivariate linear regression analysis of the factors associated with Sense of Coherence (SOC-13) score

Variable/categoryN (weighted)Adjusted mean*Δμ† (95% CI)Significance, p value
City
 Glasgow‡128865.12
 Liverpool119360.07−5.05 (−6.04 to −4.07)<0.001
 Manchester121656.98−8.14 (−9.12 to −7.16)<0.001
Deprivation quintile
 1 (most deprived)‡66865.12
 271665.830.71 (−0.60 to 2.02)0.289
 372366.371.25 (−0.07 to 2.57)0.064
 480267.592.47 (1.16 to 3.78)<0.001
 5 (least deprived)78867.712.59 (1.26 to 3.93)<0.001
Educational attainment
 No qualifications‡114865.12
 Some qualifications, but not degree level201967.812.69 (1.67 to 3.71)<0.001
 1st degree and above (includes NVQ/SVQ level 5 or equivalent)53169.574.45 (3.00 to 5.90)<0.001
Employment status
 Employed (PT and FT)‡142865.12
 Unemployed44258.33−6.79 (−8.17 to −5.40)<0.001
 Ill/disabled24554.26−10.86 (−12.62 to −9.10)<0.001
 Retired69866.471.35 (−0.43 to 3.13)0.136
 Looking after home/family35164.06−1.06 (−2.55 to 0.43)0.162
 In education/training (PT/FT)50965.220.10 (−1.35 to 1.55)0.892
Marital status
 Never married‡167165.12
 Married/civil partnership141667.362.24 (1.13 to 3.35)<0.001
 Separated/divorced33965.480.36 (−1.26 to 1.98)0.662
 Widowed/surviving partner27165.580.46 (−1.57 to 2.49)0.658
Age group
 16–29‡125565.12
 30–4490863.65−1.47 (−2.70 to −0.24)0.019
 45–6495864.07−1.05 (−2.43 to 0.33)0.137
 65+56965.990.87 (−1.30 to 3.05)0.432
  • R2=0.18; adjusted R2=0.18.

  • *Mean predicted by full fitted model.

  • †Difference in mean compared to reference category after adjustment for other factors in the model.

  • ‡Reference category of variable.

  • FT, full time; NVQ/SVQ, National Vocational Qualifications Scottish Vocational Qualifications; PT, part time.