TableĀ 1

Summary of findings

Factors at the individual/interpersonal levelFactors at the group/system level
FacilitatorsBarriers
  1. Collegiality between practitioners within facilities

  2. Stature of TCA doctors

  3. Personal initiative of TCA doctors

  4. Personal experience of allopaths

  5. Political will of senior health system actors

  1. Fragmentation of jurisdiction and facilities

  2. Intersystem isolation and lack of communication

  3. Lack of trust and awareness of TCA systems

  4. Inadequate infrastructure and resources for TCA service delivery