Table 1

Participants’ characteristics and pretest results

E-learning (n=92)Classroom (n=91)p Value
Participants’ characteristics
 Age (years)41.6 (8.8)42.4 (10.1)0.57
 Gender (men)8 (8.7%)8 (8.8%)0.98
 Childhood outside Norway7 (7.6%)7 (7.7%)0.98
 Nurse education outside Norway5 (5.4%)4 (4.4%)0.75
 Work experience as nurse (years)12.8 (9.6)11.7 (9.3)0.44
 Part-time job latest 12 months (full time=1)0.84 (0.18)0.88 (0.15)0.13
 Working in hospital42 (45.7%)37 (40.7%)0.50
 Frequency of drug dose calculation tasks at work (0–3)*1.5 (1.1)1.3 (1.1)0.28
 Mathematics beyond 1st year high school/USS†38 (41.3%)38 (41.8%)0.95
 Other education before becoming a nurse37 (40.2%)41 (45.1%)0.51
 Postgraduate specialisation31 (33.7%)26 (28.6%)0.45
 Course in drug dose calculations latest 3 years9 (9.8%)13 (14.3%)0.35
 Motivation for course in drug dose calculations (1–4)3.3 (0.5)3.2 (0.5)0.12
Pretest results
 Sense of coping (0–3)‡0.79 (0.25)0.81 (0.31)0.60
 Sense of self-esteem/well-being (0–3)‡1.01 (0.18)1.03 (0.21)0.45
 Knowledge (score 0–14)11.1 (1.7)11.0 (2.3)0.80
 Certainty (score 0–3)2.1 (0.6)1.9 (0.6)0.35
 Risk of error (score 1–3)1.4 (0.2)1.5 (0.3)0.27
  • The results are given as mean (SD in brackets), or number of participants (proportion in brackets).

  • *Scale: 0=less than monthly, 1=monthly, 2=weekly, 3=every working day.

  • †Upper secondary school.

  • ‡Scale: 0=more/better than usual, 1=as usual, 2=less/worse than usual, 3=much less/worse than usual. Statistical tests: t test, Mann-Whitney U test, χ2 test, Fisher exact test.