Table 2

Description of employees in a general working population sample with various histories of registered sickness absence (2001–2007)

No absence† n=1535Stable low† n=521Distant high† n=198Recent high† n=150Stable high† n=177
Gender (%)*
 Age (mean (SD))*44.1 (11.5)45.8 (10.7)47.5 (10.5)46.9 (11.1)50.4 (9.4)
Level of education (%)*
 Higher education45.333.633.934.633.3
 Upper secondary41.642.642.946.035.6
 Elementary or less12.622.322.218.730.5
Occupational class (%)*
 Higher non-manual, Entrepren.22.810.515.110.710.2
 Intermediate—low non-manual43.439.236.944.037.3
 Skilled—unskilled manual32.248.246.544.049.2
Income (%)*
 ≥300 000 SEK41.229.027.327.317.5
 150 000–299 000SEK49.363.962.668.073.5
 ≤149 000 SEK9.
Form of employment (%)
 Permanent job91.791.590.491.490.4
 Temporary job7.
  • Bivariate associations examined using χ2 tests for categorical and ANOVA for continuous variables. Missing responses are handled using pairwise deletion.

  • *p<0.001.

  • †No absence: no registered sickness absence days (SA, ie, beyond 14 days) during the follow-up period 2001–2007. Stable low: SA below the median split 2001–2007. Distant high: SA above the median split 2001–2004 and below the median split 2005–2007. Recent high: SA below the median split 2001–2004 and above the median split 2005–2007. Stable high: SA above the median split 2001–2007.

  • ANOVA, analysis of variance.