Table 3

Unstandardised regression coefficients (β) and 95% CIs for physical and mental functioning in early old age according to work exposure in mid-life n=1485

 Model 1Model 2Model 3Model 4Model 5
β (95% CI)*p Valueβ (95% CI)*p Valueβ (95% CI)*p Valueβ (95% CI)*p Valueβ (95% CI)*p Value
Physical functioning
 Job control0.70 (0.22 to 1.18)0.0040.76 (0.27 to 1.26)0.0020.58 (0.08 to 1.09)0.0240.51 (0.02 to 1.01)0.0400.50 (−0.006 to 1.00)0.053
 Job demand−0.10 (−0.47 to 0.28)0.60−0.23 (−0.61 to 0.15)0.24−0.36 (−0.75 to 0.03)0.072−0.48 (−0.86 to −0.10)0.013−0.49 (−0.87 to −0.11)0.012
Mental functioning
 Job control0.42 (0.03 to 0.81)0.0350.62 (0.23 to 1.02)0.0020.52 (0.11 to 0.93)0.0140.47 (0.06 to 0.88)0.0250.42 (0.001 to 0.84)0.050
 Job demand−0.62 (−0.92 to −0.31)<0.001−0.72 (−1.03 to −0.41)<0.001−0.76 (−1.08 to −0.45)<0.001−0.82 (−1.14 to −0.51)<0.001−0.83 (−1.15 to −0.51)<0.001
  • Model 1 adjusted for gender; model 2 adjusted for gender and the other work exposure; model 3 same adjustments as model 2 plus father's and mother's education, parents interest in study member's school at age 7 and cognitive ability at age 8; model 4 same adjustments as model 2 plus occupational status at age 43 and smoking, physical activity and BMI at ages 60–64; model 5 adjusted for all covariates included in models 2, 3 and 4.

  • *Differences in mean physical and mental functioning scores per 1 unit increase in job demand/control score, formation of work exposure variables explained in online supplementary table S1.

  • BMI, body mass index.