Table 2

Mean levels of self-reported physical and mental functioning in early old age according to work exposures in mid-life

Physical component*Mental component*
n(%)MeanSDp Value†MeanSDp Value†
Job demand at age 36‡
 042428.651.410.50.8252.97.30.005
 139426.550.910.252.18.0
 230920.851.69.751.78.0
 320914.150.99.450.99.8
 41077.250.410.350.18.1
 5422.852.28.150.78.6
Job control at age 43‡
 0493.349.110.50.04450.07.90.27
 11167.850.011.351.08.5
 227618.650.211.051.88.7
 350634.151.49.652.08.4
 453836.252.09.452.27.5
  • *A higher score indicates better physical and mental functioning.

  • †Analyses of variance.

  • ‡A higher score indicates higher job demand/control, formation of work exposure variables explained in online supplementary table S1.