Table 2

Cross tabulation of mean blood pressure according to the percentile distributions of birth weight and BMI

BMI percentileBirthweight percentileNMean (SD)
Systolic blood pressureDiastolic blood pressure
Bottom 10%Bottom 10%23109.9 (13.6)68.3 (8.7)
10–50%49109.7 (13.6)66.5 (10.8)
50–90%34107.7 (9.3)66.0 (7.0)
Top 10%12110.9 (17.7)66.7 (12.6)
10–50%Bottom 10%48112.5 (14.5)68.9 (10.4)
10–50%211109.4 (11.4)67.9 (9.2)
50–90%151110.4 (11.1)68.0 (8.2)
Top 10%46110.7 (8.3)68.2 (8.8)
50–90%Bottom 10%42115.4 (14.1)72.8 (11.4)
10–50%176114.7 (12.3)71.3 (9.0)
50–90%170114.5 (13.6)71.7 (10.2)
Top 10%55115.0 (9.7)71.8 (8.4)
Top 10%Bottom 10%12126.1 (13.7)78.6 (10.1)
10–50%35124.9 (17.5)77.5 (11.2)
50–90%45122.7 (13.3)74.7 (9.8)
Top 10%17131.2 (14.8)81.7 (10.3)
p Value*Birthweight percentile0.1400.136
BMI percentile0.0000.000
Interaction: birth weight×BMI0.7180.748
  • *p Values generated from analysis of covariance analysis. Covariates in the models were age, height, waist circumference, current weight, salt intake and family history of hypertension.