Table 4

χ2 Test of association for categorical variables

Variable nameHIV−HIV+
N% (n/N)% (n/N)p Value
Ever married/lived with female partner(Yes)22021.3 (36/169)11.8 (6/51)0.1288
Sexual activity past 5 years (only/mostly men)26277.0 (154/200)95.2 (59/62)0.0056
First sexual partner was a man26241.5 (83/200)75.8 (47/62)0.0001
Been forced to have sex with someone(yes)26033.8(67/198)41.9 (26/62)0.2457
Paid another man for sex in the last month21416.7 (28/168)28.3 (13/46)0.0767
Been paid to have sex in the last month24987.2 (164/188)88.5 (54/61)0.7908
Earned income by selling sex26228.5 (57/200)41.9 (26/62)0.0469
Currently employed (yes)26180.4 (160/199)83.9 (52/62)0.5414
Self-identified as gay/homosexual25249.7 (95/191)88.5 (54/61)0.0001
Used water-based lubricants26030.7 (61/199)63.9 (39/61)0.0001
Used condom anal with recent commercial partner23931.7 (57/180)49.2 (29/59)0.0152
Ever been tested for HIV (yes)25977.2 (153/198)80.3 (49/61)0.6146
Depression (depressed)*17637.1 (49/132)68.2 (30/44)0.0003
  • *Depression was dichotomised at the cut-off point of 4. Depressed participants had depression score of 5 or less while non-depressed participants had depression score of 4 or less (Monahan et al, 200913).