Table 1

Summary of QPrediction scores including outcome and predictor variables

ScoreWeblink*OutcomePredictors
QDiabetes3http://www.qdiabetes.org10-year risk of type 2 diabetes†In men and women: age, sex, ethnicity, deprivation, smoking, family history of diabetes, cardiovascular disease, treated hypertension, steroid tables, body mass index
QRISK228http://www.qrisk.org10-year risk of CVD‡In men and women: age, smoking status ethnic group (nine categories), systolic blood pressure, cholesterol/HDL ratio, body mass index, family history of cardiovascular disease in first degree relative under 60 years, Townsend deprivation score, treated hypertension, rheumatoid arthritis, chronic renal disease, type 2 diabetes, atrial fibrillation
QStroke2http://www.qstroke.org10-year risk of ischaemic stroke or TIA†In men and women: age, smoking status ethnic group (nine categories), systolic blood pressure, cholesterol/HDL ratio, body mass index, family history of cardiovascular disease in first degree relative under 60 years, Townsend deprivation score, treated hypertension, rheumatoid arthritis, chronic renal disease, type 2 diabetes, atrial fibrillation, congestive cardiac failure, valvular heart disease
QKidney5http://www.qkidney.org5-year risk of moderate or severe kidney failure§In men and women: age, smoking status ethnic group (nine categories), systolic blood pressure, body mass index, family history of kidney disease, Townsend deprivation score, treated hypertension, rheumatoid arthritis, chronic renal disease, type 2 diabetes, atrial fibrillation, SLE, peripheral vascular disease, kidney stones, NSAIDs
QThrombosishttp://www.qthrombosis.org5-year risk of venous thromboembolism†In men and women: age, body mass index, smoking status, varicose veins, congestive cardiac failure, chronic renal disease, cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, inflammatory bowel disease, hospital admission in past 6 months and current prescriptions for antipsychotic drugs. Additionally in women: combined oral contraceptives, tamoxifen and hormone replacement therapy
QBleed13http://www.qbleed.org5-year risk of upper gastrointestinal bleed in patient starting anticoagulants versus others¶In men and women: age; body mass index; Townsend score; smoking status; ethnicity; alcohol intake; prior bleed; oesophageal varices; chronic liver disease or pancreatitis; atrial fibrillation; venous thromboembolism; congestive cardiac failure; treated hypertension; cancer; recent abnormal platelets (<150 or >480 μL); new use of anticoagulants; current prescriptions for antiplatelets; NSAIDs; corticosteroids; antidepressants; anticonvulsants (phenytoin or carbamazepine)
QBleed13http://www.qbleed.org5-year risk of intracranial bleed in patient starting anticoagulants versus others¶In men and women: age; body mass index; Townsend score; smoking status; ethnicity; alcohol intake; prior bleed; oesophageal varices; chronic liver disease or pancreatitis; atrial fibrillation; treated hypertension; recent abnormal platelets (<150 or >480 μL); new use of anticoagulants; current prescriptions for antiplatelets; NSAIDs; corticosteroids; antidepressants; anticonvulsants (phenytoin or carbamazepine)
QFracture29http://www.qfracture.org10-year risk of hip fracture†
10-year risk of osteoporotic fracture§
In women: HRT usage, age, body mass index, smoking status, recorded alcohol use, parental history of osteoporosis, rheumatoid arthritis, cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, asthma, tricyclic antidepressants, corticosteroids, history of falls, menopausal symptoms, chronic liver disease, gastrointestinal malabsorption and other endocrine disorders
In men: age, body mass index, smoking status, recorded alcohol use, rheumatoid arthritis, cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, asthma, tricyclic antidepressants, corticosteroids, history of falls and liver disease
  • *The web link has the relevant calculator, links to academic papers, additional information including links to the open source software.

  • †Recorded either on GP record or linked ONS mortality record.

  • ‡Recorded either on linked hospital admissions record or ONS mortality or linked hospital admissions record.

  • §Recorded on the GP record.

  • ¶Recorded either on linked hospital admissions record or ONS mortality record.

  • CVD, cardiovascular disease; GP, general practitioner; HDL, high-density lipoprotein; HRT, hormone replacement therapy; TIA, transient ischaemic attack; NSAIDs, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs; ONS, Office for National Statistics.