Table 2

Knowledge and practices of caregivers on key IYCF indicators

Number of mothers who responded positive on the particular knowledge/practicesTotal number of mothers eligible for the questionPercentage (%) (95% CI)
Mothers knowing to initiate breastfeeding within 1 h of birth469144332.5 (30.1 to 34.9)
Children who were initiated breastfeeding within 1 h of birth3171417*22.4 (20.2 to 24.6)
Mothers knowing the duration of exclusive breastfeeding539144337.3 (34.8 to 39.8)
Children under 6 months exclusively breastfed40414†9.7 (6.8 to 12.6)
Mothers knowing continued breastfeeding until 2 years8414435.8 (4.6 to 7.0)
Children breastfed until 2 years104272‡38.2 (32.4 to 44.0)
Caregivers knowing introduction of complementary foods at 6–8 months759118763.9 (61.2 to 66.6)
Children given complementary foods at 6–8 months196233§84.1 (79.4 to 88.8)
Caregivers knowing the minimum meal frequency9331182¶60.0 (57.2 to 62.8)
Children given minimum meal frequency8271187**69.7 (67.1 to 72.3)
Caregivers knowing feeding children with meat at 6–8 months1131182¶9.6 (7.9 to 11.3)
Children given iron-rich or iron-fortified foods††3861187**32.5 (29.8 to 35.2)
  • *Only children ever breastfed were used to calculate this indicator (from MNCH household survey guideline).

  • †Only children aged 0–5 months were used to calculate this indicator (from IYCF guideline).

  • ‡Only children aged 20–23 months were used to calculate this indicator (from IYCF guideline).

  • §Only children aged 6–8 months were used to calculate this indicator (from IYCF guideline).

  • ¶Data of five children on these two question were missing.

  • **Only children aged 6–23 months were used to calculate this indicator (from IYCF guideline).

  • ††Suitable iron-rich or iron-fortified foods include meat, fish, poultry and liver/organ meat, commercially fortified foods specially designed for infants and young children which contain iron or foods fortified in the home with a micronutrient powder containing iron or a lipid-based nutrient supplement containing iron.

  • IYCF, infant and young child feeding.