Table 1

Baseline characteristics of the respondents

VariablesCases=81
n (%)
Controls=83
n (%)
Age in years
 15–2502 (2.4)
 26–3516 (19.7)22 (26.5)
 36–4526 (32)35 (42)
 46–5537 (45.6)24 (29)
 56–652 (2.4)0
Gender
 Male53 (65.4)60 (72)
 Female28 (34.5)23 (28)
Education
 Graduation9 (11)13 (15.6)
 Intermediate2 (2.46)7 (8.43)
 Matriculation24 (29.6)34 (41)
 Primary27 (33.3)18 (21.6)
 Technical education3 (3.7)1 (1.2)
 No formal education16 (19.7)10 (12.4)
Seropositivity
 Hepatitis B positive47 (58)0
 Hepatitis C positive34 (42)0
 Hepatitis negative083 (100)
Exposures
 Involved in major surgeries7 (8.64)6 (7.2)
 Dental procedure of any kind1 (1.2)2 (2.4)
 Handling infectious material in lab8 (9.8)4 (4.8)
 Internal instrumentation3 (3.7)0
 Minor skin surgery2 (2.46) 7 (8.4)
 Worked in blood bank3 (3.7)4 (4.8)
 Injection delivery of any kind45 (55.5)51 (61.4)
 Vaccinated for hepatitis B50 (61.7)59 (71)
 Underwent dental extraction34 (42)28 (31.3)
 Received blood transfusion8 (9.8)3 (3.6)
 Any family member with HBV3 (3.7)6 (7.2)
 Any family member with HCV5 (6.1)2 (2.4)
 Needle stick injury47 (58)24 (28.9)
 Treated at A&E of hospital70 (51)67 (49)
  • A&E, accidents and emergency; HBV, hepatitis B virus; HCV, hepatitis C virus.