TableĀ 3

Associations between active jobs (high job demands/high job control), passive jobs (low job control/low job demands), high strain (high job demands/low control) and troublesome neck, shoulder and/or arm pain, stratified for no sleep disturbances/sleep disturbances (mild/severe), presented as crude and adjusted ORs and 95% CIs

No sleep disturbancesSleep disturbances
ExposureNumber of experienced cases (total)Crude OR
(95% CI)
Adjusted* OR
(95% CI)
p ValueNumber of experienced cases (total)Crude OR
(95% CI)
Adjusted* OR
(95% CI)
p Value
Low strain (reference)808 (3890)11411 (1468)11
Active jobs129 (597)1.0 (0.8 to 1.3)1.1 (0.9 to 1.4)ns128 (396)1.2 (1.0 to 1.6)1.3 (1.0 to 1.7)0.02
Passive jobs83 (336)1.3 (1.0 to 1.7)1.2 (0.9 to 1.6)ns62 (192)1.3 (0.9 to 1.8)1.0 (0.7 to 1.5)ns
High strain15 (54)1.4 (0.8 to 2.6)1.2 (0.6 to 2.1)ns23 (46)2.6 (1.4 to 4.6)1.8 (1.0 to 3.5)ns
  • *Adjusted for economic stress.

  • ns, non-significant.