Table 1

Trend in the time-out procedure per hospital type (n=1232; 18 hospitals)

Trend overallTrend per hospital type
General hospitalsTeaching hospitalsAcademic hospitals
NMean %95% CINMean %95% CINMean %95% CINMean %95% CI
Fixed effects
TOP (constant)
 MM 112173.5253.20 to 87.148585.182.00 to 94.352559.0021.26 to 88.461116.480.91 to 80.91
 MM 213771.6451.26 to 85.859176.7354.48 to 90.093375.6536.60 to 94.361345.912.90 to 96.02
 MM 313466.7945.78 to 82.738767.0942.94 to 84.663382.1944.85 to 96.321423.861.55 to 86.19
 MM 411876.7757.01 to 89.177582.0160.92 to 93.022780.4041.08 to 96.021625.731.76 to 87.03
 MM 512577.2657.99 to 89.328587.5670.27 to 95.443072.3032.65 to 93.36105.970.29 to 57.90
 MM 612782.1864.73 to 92.058581.2760.55 to 92.462794.6365.68 to 99.391559.615.32 to 97.48
 MM 711481.2062.89 to 91.677882.2361.44 to 93.072691.1357.87 to 98.721046.672.40 to 96.89
 MM 811279.4160.46 to 90.688282.5962.33 to 93.162285.5646.93 to 97.54845.421.80 to 97.43
 MM 912948.4428.65 to 68.748952.8629.81 to 74.752566.0026.36 to 91.33156.000.40 to 50.29
 MM 1011569.6848.46 to 84.888571.3247.57 to 87.202183.5643.24 to 97.13948.842.39 to 97.38
Random effects
Variance components:
 ICC44.05640.106
 Hospital (level 2)2.591 (0.916)*2.203 (0.798)*
 Surgical procedure (level 1)0.988 (0.040)0.984 (0.040)
  • *p < 0.05.

  • Raw data for the remaining variables (specialty, focus and individual checks) is available with the author on request.

  • ICC, intraclass correlation coefficient; MM, measurement moment; TOP, time-out procedure.