Table 2

Prevalence of emotional exhaustion (EE), depersonalisation (DP) and personal accomplishment (PA) related to sociodemographic characteristics in 426 ICU nurses in Liaoning province, China

VariablesNumber (%)Number of nurses having a high degree of burnoutEEDPPA
Mean±SDLowModerateHighMean±SDLowModerateHighMean±SDLowModerateHigh
6824.55 ± 12.36149931847.05 ± 6.5021410111135.08±9.3615495177
Gender
 Female377 (88.5)5924.49 ± 12.58136801616.97 ± 6.55194869735.14±9.6214379155
 Male49 (11.5)925.06 ± 4.531313237.65 ± 6.1820151434.69±7.12111622
p Value0.630.730.320.490.250.700.16
Age (years, median, 25 years; interval,19–52 years; interquartile interval, 23–28 years)
 <30357 (83.8)5624.61 ± 12.29123811537.18 ± 6.45174869734.91±9.2212384150
 30–4062 (14.6)1124.29 ± 12.842410286.50 ± 6.7635141335.79±10.3628925
 >407 (1.6)124.14 ± 13.502235.14 ± 5.9051137.71±7.68322
p Value0.910.980.980.550.270.600.51
Highest level of nurse education
 Secondary nursing school57 (13.4)724.98 ± 12.981913256.49 ± 5.9029151334.00±10.02171228
 Junior college219 (51.4)4025.04 ± 12.057347997.81 ± 6.90101546434.68±8.97715692
 Bachelor and master150 (35.2)2123.68 ± 12.615733606.15 ± 6.0084323436.08±9.64662757
 p Value0.390.560.470.040.150.240.10
Job rank
 Nurse or nurse student288 (67.6)4024.29 ± 11.97100661227.01 ± 6.33143737235.20±8.8310467117
 Nurse practitioner95 (22.3)2225.51 ± 12.483123417.51 ± 7.1147183034.18±10.04282344
 Nurse in-charge and higher43 (10.1)624.19 ± 14.72184216.30 ± 6.322410936.30±11.2322516
 p Value0.090.700.960.590.590.440.17
Marital status
 Unmarried277 (65.0)3824.35 ± 12.4899601186.96 ± 6.46140686935.12±9.209967111
 Married149 (35.0)3024.93 ± 12.175033667.21 ± 6.5974334235.02±9.70552866
 p Value0.080.650.670.700.670.920.71
Years of experience as a registered nurse (median, 3 years; interval, 0–32 years; interquartile interval, 3–7 years)
 <5268 (62.9)3323.54 ± 12.10102591076.90 ± 6.40137666535.43±9.219961108
 5–10107 (25.1)2727.38 ± 12.332924547.99 ± 6.9947233733.58±8.95302750
 11–1939 (9.2)623.87 ± 13.52138185.62 ± 5.64239736.15±11.2219515
 20 or more12 (2.8)224.00 ± 12.155256.50 ± 6.3673237.33±9.37624
p Value0.020.060.190.230.150.230.22
Years of experience as an ICU nurse (median, 2 years; interval, 0–20 years; interquartile interval, 1–4 years)
 <5332 (77.9%)4623.89±12.07123731366.84±6.35169828135.32±9.1912177134
 5–1082 (19.2%)2027.38±13.442218427.83±7.1840142833.65±9.92261739
 11–1910 (2.3%)224.00±11.083257.70±6.1544237.20±10.22514
 20 or more2 (0.5%)021.50±12.021015.50±3.5411044.00±4.24200
 p Value0.110.150.290.630.760.220.23
  • Percentages may not add up to 100% due to rounding.