Table 1

Symptoms in previous 7 days in total sample and by sex

 SexTotal sample
n (%)
Male n (%)Female n (%)
Back or neck pain*171(34.8)211(41.5)382(38.2)
Fatigue or loss of energy***139(28.3)216(42.4)355(35.5)
Headache***137(27.9)217(42.6)354(35.4)
Congested or runny nose163(33.2)181(35.6)344(34.4)
Joint pain or stiffness164(33.4)172(33.8)336(33.6)
Insomnia or sleeping problems*120(24.4)166(32.6)286(28.6)
Cough*125(25.5)158(31.0)283(28.3)
Muscle pain115(23.4)116(22.8)231(23.1)
Low blood pressure or circulation problems***77(15.7)136(26.7)213(21.3)
Upset stomach or indigestion99(20.2)94(18.5)193(19.3)
Irritability or nervousness*72(14.7)102(20.0)174(17.4)
Skin rash or itching68(13.8)92(18.1)160(16.0)
Difficulty concentrating*63(12.8)89(17.5)152(15.2)
Dry mouth62(12.6)83(16.3)145(14.5)
Anxiety or fearfulness62(12.6)79(15.5)141(14.1)
Drowsiness67(13.6)73(14.3)140(14.0)
Depressed mood78(15.9)60(11.8)138(13.8)
Breathing problems65(13.2)67(13.2)132(13.2)
Agitation64(13.0)63(12.4)127(12.7)
Numbness or tingling sensations59(12.0)65(12.8)124(12.4)
Memory problems***43(8.8)78(15.3)121(12.1)
Abdominal pain*46(9.4)71(13.9)117(11.7)
Ear or hearing problems62(12.6)55(10.8)117(11.7)
Eye or vision problems51(10.4)60(11.8)111(11.1)
Nightmares or abnormal dreams47(9.6)62(12.2)109(10.9)
Muscle weakness54(11.0)55(10.8)109(10.9)
Hot flushes***16(3.3)76(14.9)92(9.2)
Reduced appetite*34(6.9)55(10.8)89(8.9)
Increased appetite46(9.4)42(8.3)88(8.8)
Dizziness36(7.3)50(9.8)86(8.6)
Nausea***27(5.5)57(11.2)84(8.4)
Tendency to develop bruises***14(2.9)66(13.0)80(8.0)
Tremor or muscle spasms45(9.2)35(6.9)80(8.0)
Palpitations or irregular heartbeat**22(4.5)49(9.6)71(7.1)
Chest pain38(7.7)33(6.5)71(7.1)
Fever or increased temperature**23(4.7)47(9.2)70(7.0)
Diarrhoea34(6.9)33(6.5)67(6.7)
Abnormal sweating*20(4.1)36(7.1)56(5.6)
Hair loss24(4.9)27(5.3)51(5.1)
Constipation19(3.9)29(5.7)48(4.8)
Sexual problems22(4.5)15(2.9)37(3.7)
Difficulty urinating**22(4.5)6(1.2)28(2.8)
Thoughts about suicide**18(3.7)6(1.2)24(2.4)
Vomiting7(1.4)15(2.9)22(2.2)
Convulsions or seizures3(0.6)5(1.0)8(0.8)
Painful or irregular menstruation45(8.8)
  • Sex differences *p≤0.05; **p≤0.01; ***p≤0.001.