Table 3

Summary of results from environmental hazards, public awareness, competence and caregiver strain scales

ItemDescriptionMean (95% CI)p Value
With dog (n=80)Waiting for dog (n=84)Diff* (95% CI)
HAZEnvironmental hazards (range 8–56)32.43 (29.47 to 35.39)22.97 (20.83 to 25.11)10.9 (6.97 to 14.89)<0.001†
PUBLICPublic acceptance(range 4–28)15.87 (14.23 to 17.50)10.67 (9.56 to 11.77)5.80 (3.69 to 7.90)<0.001‡
SDCompetence (range 4–28)19.75 (18.74 to 20.77)17.91 (16.52 to 18.92)1.97 (0.273 to 3.68)0.023
OSObjective strain (range 11–55)35.03 (32.81 to 37.20)35.91 (34.08 to 38.01)−0.54 (−3.78 to 2.70)0.744
SISSubjective internalised strain (range 6–35)22.47 (21.21 to 23.60)23.63 (22.89 to 25.03)−0.81 (−2.63 to 1.00)0.380
SESSubjective externalised strain (range 4–20)7.74 (7.01 to 8.46)7.88 (7.28 to 8.49)−0.34 (−1.37 to 0.69)0.522
  • *Adjusted for gender, age, location education.

  • †There was a lesser albeit significant effect of having a dog for parents/guardians whose children attend a special school for children with ASD.

  • ‡There is no significant difference in ratings of parents/guardians who have a child in a mainstream primary school (p=0.09).

  • ASD, autism spectrum disorder.