Table 2

Bivariate relationships—percentage of prediabetes by demographic and medical characteristics for adult English population in 2003, 2006, 2009 and 2011

 PrediabeticBinomial proportion 95% CI (%)p ValuePrediabeticBinomial proportion 95% CI (%)p ValuePrediabeticBinomial proportion 95% CI (%)p ValuePrediabeticBinomial proportion 95% CI (%)p Value
200320032003200620062006200920092009201120112011
Gender (%)0.8773
 Male11.210.2 to 12.20.3120.419.0 to 21.80.972633.830.9 to 36.60.26535.533.2 to 37.70.88
 Female11.911.0 to 13.020.419.0 to 21.731.528.8 to 34.335.233.1 to 37.3
Age (%)
 16–392.82.2 to 3.4<0.00016.65.7 to 7.5<0.000114.211.9 to 16.6<.000115.613.8 to 17.5<0.0001
 40+17.916.8 to 19.031.530.0 to 33.144.942.2 to 47.648.746.6 to 50.8
Ethnicity (%)
 White11.510.8 to 12.319.718.7 to 20.731.929.9 to 34.036.334.6 to 38.0
 South Asian12.89.2 to 16.30.00927.222.7 to 31.8<0.000152.340.2 to 64.4.00139.231.3 to 47.20.0001
 Black18.712.0 to 25.534.726.3 to 43.142.229.9 to 54.435.026.0 to 44.0
 Mixed/other5.21.2 to 9.214.58.1 to 21.019.67.3 to 31.823.018.1 to 27.9
Social deprivation (%)
Quintile 1 (least deprived)10.48.9 to 11.819.719.8 to 24.234.432.6 to 41.636.636.1 to 42.7
 Quintile 211.49.8 to 12.920.017.83 to 22.1932.328.2 to 36.435.332.1 to 38.5
 Quintile 311.510.0 to 13.10.000819.517.42 to 21.540.0232.828.6 to 37.10.2132.228.9 to 35.50.32
 Quintile 4, %11.710.1 to 13.320.818.58 to 22.9933.128.7 to 37.535.431.8 to 39.0
 Quintile 5 (most deprived)13.411.6 to 15.222.419.89 to 24.9230.225.4 to 35.037.433.7 to 41.2
BMI (%)
 25 or less*6.15.3 to 7.012.811.5 to 14.122.119.2 to 25.125.923.6 to 28.3
 25–29.9911.210.0 to 12.30.000121.619.9 to 23.30.000133.830.5 to 37.10.000137.635.0 to 40.30.0001
 30 and over19.917.9 to 21.929.827.3 to 32.344.239.6 to 48.947.944.3 to 51.4
High blood pressure (diagnosed, %)
 High20.919.0 to 22.8<0.000133.330.7 to 25.9<0.000147.542.9 to 52.2<0.000152.949.6 to 56.3<0.0001
 Low/normal8.98.2 to 9.717.216.2 to 18.228.826.6 to 30.930.228.5 to 31.9
Cholesterol level (diagnosed, %)
 High21.518.5 to 24.5<0.000138.534.6 to 42.4<0.0001NA*NA*57.051.8 to 61.2<0.0001
 Low/normal14.613.1 to 16.327.925.7 to 30.0NA*NA*40.838.0 to 43.7
  • *Cholesterol level was not available for 2009 Health Survey for England data.

  • BMI, body mass index; NA, not applicable.